## ANALYTICAL GEOMETRY FORMULAS

In this page analytical geometry formulas we are going to see list of formulas which are used in the topic analytical geometry.

 Name of the topic Formula
 Section formula  (Internally) The formula to find the point which is dividing the line segment AB internally in the ratio m:n is given by Section formula  (externally) The formula which is used to find the point which divides the line segment AB externally in the ratio m:n is given by  To find the distance between two points A and Bd = √(x₂ - x₁) ² + (y₂ - y₁) ² Area of triangle using three vertices Area of triangle if three vertices of triangle are given. 1⁄2 {x1(y2-y3) + x2(y3-y1) + x3(y1-y2)} Area of quadrilateral Area of the quadrilateral if four vertices of quadrilateral are given. 1⁄2{(x1y2+x2y3+x3y4+x4y1)-(x2y1+x3y2+x4y3+x1y4)} Centroid There are three medians of the triangle and they are concurrent at a point O,that point is called the centroid of a triangle.In the following diagram O is the centroid of ABC.Now let us look into the formula.       =  (x1+x2+x3)/3, (y1+y2+y3)/3 Midpoint of the line segment Midpoint is the point which is exactly in the middle of the line segment joining two points (x1,y1) and (x2,y2) (x₁ + x₂)/2 , (y₁ + y₂)/2 Slope of the line The angle theta between the straight line and the positive direction of the X axis when measured in the anticlockwise direction is called angle of inclination.The tangent of the angle of inclination is called slope or gradient of the line. m = tan θm = (y2 - y1)/(x2 - x1)m = - coefficient of x /coefficient of yy = m x + bm-slope Equation of the line A linear equation or an equation of the first degree in x and y represents a straight line.The equation of a straight line is satisfied by the co-ordinates of every point lying on the straight line and not by any other point outside the straight line. Slope intercept form:y = m x + bHere m = slope and b = y-intercept Two point form:(y-y₁)/(y₂-y₁) = (x-x₁)/(x₂-x₁) Point- Slope form:(y-y1) = m (x-x1) Intercept form:(X/a) + (Y/b) = 1 Perpendicular distance a point and a line The length of the perpendicular from the point (x₁,y₁) to the line ax + by + c = 0 is     d =   | (ax₁ + by₁ + c)/ va² + b² | Distance between two parallel lines Distance between two parallel lines a x + b y + c₁ = 0 and a x + b y + c₂ = 0    d =   | (c₁ - c₂)/ va² + b² | Angle between two lines θ = tan-¹ |(m₁ - m₂)/(1 + m₁ m₂)| Equation of circle (x-h)² + (y-k)² = r² Equation of circle with two endpoints of diameter (x-x₁) (x-x₂) + (y-y₁) (y-y₂) = 0 x² + y² + 2gx + 2fy + c = 0 Length of the tangent √ (x₁² + y₁² + 2gx₁ +2fy₁+c) Condition of two circles touching externally c₁c₂ = r₁ + r₂ Condition of two circles touching internally C₁ C₂ = r₁ - r₂ 2 g₁g₂+2f₁f₂=c₁+c₂ Widget is loading comments...

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