ANGLE RELATIONSHIPS IN PARALLEL LINES AND TRIANGLES WORKSHEET

Problem 1 : 

In the figure given below,  let the lines l₁ and l₂ be parallel and m is transversal. If F = 65°, find the measure of each of the remaining angles.

Problem 2 :

Can 30°, 60° and 90° be the angles of a triangle ?

Problem 3 :

In a triangle, if the second angle is 5° greater than the first angle and the third angle is 5° greater than second angle, find the three angles of the triangle.

Problem 4 :

Find m∠W and m∠X in the triangle given below.

1. Answer :

From the given figure,

F and H are vertically opposite angles and they are equal.

Then,

H = F ----> H = 65°

H and D are corresponding angles and they are equal. 

Then,

D = H ----> D = 65°

D and B are vertically opposite angles and they are equal.

Then,

B = D ----> B = 65°

F and E are together form a straight angle.

Then, we have

F + E = 180°

Substitute F = 65°.

F + E = 180°

65° + E = 180°

E = 115°

E and G are vertically opposite angles and they are equal.

Then,

G = E ----> G = 115°

G and C are corresponding angles and they are equal.

Then,

C = G ----> C = 115°

C and A are vertically opposite angles and they are equal.

Then,

A = C ----> A = 115°

Therefore,

A = C = E = G = 115°

B = D = F = H = 65°

2. Answer :

Let us add all the three given angles and check whether the sum is equal to 180°.

 30° + 60° + 90° = 180°

Since the sum of the angles is equal 180°, the given three angles can be the angles of a triangle.

3. Answer :

Let x be the first angle.

The second angle = x + 5.

The third angle = x + 5 + 5 = x + 10.

We know that, 

the sum of the three angles of a triangle = 180°

x + (x + 5) + (x + 10) = 180

3x + 15 = 180

3x = 165

x = 55

The first angle = 55°.

The second angle = 55 + 5 = 60°.

The third angle = 60 + 5 = 65°.

So, the three angles of a triangle are 55°, 60° and 65°.

4. Answer :

Step 1 :

Write the Exterior Angle Theorem as it applies to this triangle.

m∠W + m∠X = m∠WYZ

Step 2 :

Substitute the given angle measures.

(4y - 4)° + 3y° = 52°

Step 3 :

Solve the equation for y.

(4y - 4)° + 3y° = 52°

4y - 4 + 3y = 52

Combine the like terms.

7y - 4 = 52

Add 4 to both sides.

7y - 4 + 4 = 52 + 4

Simplify.

7y = 56

Divide both sides by 7.

y = 8

Step 4 :

Use the value of y to find m∠W and m∠X.

m∠W = 4y - 4

= 4(8) - 4

= 32 - 4

= 28

m∠X = 3y

= 3(8)

= 24

So, m∠W = 28° and m∠X = 24°.

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