Equivalent fractions are the fractions that have the same value but are represented by different numerators and denominators.
Example :
The diagram below practically illustrates equivalent fractions.
Fraction :
A part of a whole split up into equal pieces of the same size.
3/4 ----> represents three out of total five pieces
Numerator :
The top number of a fraction representing how many pieces you have.
2/5 ----> 2 is the numerator
Denominator :
The bottom number of a fraction representing how many total pieces your whole is split into.
2/5 ----> 5 is the denominator
Fraction Bar :
The dividing line between the numerator and denominator in a fraction, also called division bar or fraction line.
Improper Fraction :
A fraction where the numerator is equal to or larger than the denominator. In other words, the value of the fraction is equal to 1 or more.
9/7
Proper Fraction :
A fraction where the numerator is a smaller number than the denominator. In other words, the value of the fraction is less than 1.
7/9
Mixed Number :
A fraction amount that falls between two whole numbers. consists of a whole number and a proper fraction.
3½
Unit Fraction :
Fractions with a 1 in the numerator and represent one shaded part of all the equal parts of a whole.
1/8
A Half of :
A half of is equal to a fraction 1/2.
A Quarter of :
A quarter of is equal to a fraction 1/4.
Greatest Common Factor (GCF) :
The greatest number that can divide a set of numbers evenly, used for simplifying fractions.
Least Common Multiple (LCM) :
The smallest multiple that a set of numbers has in common, used for finding common denominator.
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