SLOPE OF A LINE JOINING TWO POINTS WORKSHEET

Problem 1 :

Find the slope of a straight joining the two points (3, -2) and (-1, 4).

Problem 2 :

Find the slope of a straight joining the two points (5, -2) and (4, -1).

Problem 3 :

Find the slope of a straight joining the two points (-2, -1) and (4, 0).

Problem 4 :

Find the slope of a straight joining the two points (1, 2) and (-4, 5).

Problem 5 :

If the slope of a line joining the two points (1, -2) and (3, k) is 5, find the value of k.

Problem 6 :

If the line that passes through (4, 3) and (-5, r) has a slope of -1, what is the value of r?

Problem 7 :

If the line that passes through (a, 7) and (1, a) has a slope of -⁵⁄₉, what is the value of a?

Problem 8 :

The graph of the linear function f passes through the points (a, 1) and (1, b) in the xy-plane. If the slope of the graph of f is 1, which of the following is true?

(A)  a - b = 1

(B)  a + b = 1

(C)  a - b = 2

(D)  a + b = 2

Problem 9 :

Find the slope of the line in xy-plane shown below.

slopeofalinewithtwopoints2

Problem 10 :

Find the slope of the line in xy-plane shown below.

slopeofalinewithtwopoints3

Answers

1. Answer :

(3, -2) and (-1, 4)

Formula to find the slope of a line joining two points :

Substitute (x1, y1) = (3, -2) and (x2, y2) = (-1, 4).

2. Answer :

(5, -2) and (4, -1)

Formula :

Substitute (x1, y1) = (5, -2) and (x2, y2) = (4, -1).

m = -1

3. Answer :

(-2, - 1) and (4, 0)

Formula :

Substitute (x1, y1) = (-2, -1) and (x2, y2) = (4, 0).

4. Answer :

(1, 2) and (-4, 5)

Formula :

Substitute (x1, y1) = (1, 2) and (x2, y2) = (-4, 5).

5. Answer :

slope = 5

Substitute (x1, y1) = (1, -2) and (x2, y2) = (3, k).

Multiply both sides by 2.

k + 2 = 10

Subtract 2 from both sides.

k = 8

6. Answer :

slope = -1

Substitute (x1, y1) = (4, 3) and (x2, y2) = (-5, r).

Multiply both sides by -9.

r - 3 = 9

Add 3 to both sides.

r = 12

7. Answer :

Substitute (x1, y1) = (a, 7) and (x2, y2) = (1, a).

By cross-multiplication,

9(a - 7) = -5(1 - a)

Use the Distributive Property.

9a - 63 = -5 + 5a

Subtract 5a from both sides.

4a - 63 = -5

Add 63 to both sides.

4a = 58

Divide both sides by 4.

a = ⁵⁸⁄₄

a = ²⁹⁄₂

8. Answer :

slope = 1

Substitute (x1, y1) = (a, 1) and (x2, y2) = (1, b).

Multiply both sides by (1 - a).

b - 1 = 1 - a

Add a to both sides.

a + b - 1 = 1

Add 1 to both sides.

a + b = 2

Therefore, the corect answer is option (D).

9. Answer :

slopeofalinewithtwopoints2

Measure the rise and run.

slopeofalinewithtwopoints2a

For the above line,

rise = -4

run = 3

Then,

slope = ʳⁱˢᵉ⁄ᵣᵤ

= -⁴⁄₃

10. Answer :

slopeofalinewithtwopoints3

Measure the rise and run.

slopeofalinewithtwopoints3a

For the above line,

rise = 6

run = 9

Then,

slope = ʳⁱˢᵉ⁄ᵣᵤ

⁶⁄₉

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