## About "Multiplying polynomials by a monomial"

Multiplying polynomials by a monomial :

We have two methods to find the product of polynomial by a monomial.

i) Distributive

ii) Box method

In the first method, we need to distribute the monomial with each and every terms of the polynomial.

In the second method, we need to draw a table and fill up the terms and multiply.

If we want to multiply a monomial by a monomial, we have to follow the order given below

(i) Multiply the signs

(ii) Multiply the variables

(iii) Multiply the numbers

Let us discuss the concept in the below examples.

Example 1 :

Multiply 2 x3 (3x + 2y)

Solution :

Distribution method :

Box method :

Here you can find the another method of multiplying polynomial by a monomial. In both ways, we will get the same answer.

Example 2 :

Multiply 5 x2 (3x + 2y  - 5z)

Solution :

=  5 x2 (3x + 2y  - 5z)

=  5 x² (3x) + 5 x²(2y) + 5 x²(-5z)

=  5 (3) x² 5(2) x²y + 5(-5) x²z

=  15 x(2+1) x + 10 x²y - 25 x²z

=  15 x³ + 10 x²y - 25 x²z

Box method :

Here we have done the same problem using box method. In both ways, we will get the same answer.

Example 3 :

Multiply (-7 u) (u + 3 u²)

Solution :

Distribution method :

=  (-7 u) (u + 3 u²)

=  (-7 u) (u) + (-7 u)(3 u²)

= -7 u(1+1) - 21 u(1+2)

= -7 u² - 21 u³

Box method :

Here we have done the same problem using box method. In both ways, we will get the same answer.

Example 4 :

Multiply (2x) (3x² + 5x + 7)

Solution :

=  (2x) (3x² + 5x + 7)

=  (2x) (3x2) + (2x)(5x) + (2x)(7)

=  6x3 + 10x2 + 14x

Example 5 :

Multiply (4m²n) (7n - 3m-5mn)

Solution :

=  (4m²n) (7n - 3m - 5mn)

(4m²n) (7n) + (4m²n)(- 3m) + (4m²n)(-5mn)

28 m²n² -12 m³n - 20 m³n²

Example 6 :

Multiply 3a (4a-7b)

Solution :

=  3a (4a - 7b)

=  3a (4a) + 3a (-7b)

=  12a²- 21 a b

Example 7 :

Multiply the polynomial (3x³+4x²−5) by the monomial (7x)

Solution :

=  7x (3x³+ 4x²−5)

=  7x (3x³) + 7x (4x²) + 7x (-5)

=  21 x(1+3) + 28 x(1+2) -  35x

=  21 x4 + 28 x3 -  35x

Example 8 :

Multiply the polynomial (3x+ 7x²) by the monomial (3x)

Solution :

=  3x (3x+ 7x²)

=  3x (3x) + 3x (7x²)

=  9x2 + 21 x3

Example 9 :

Multiply the polynomial (5x + 7xy + 3x2) by the monomial (6x)

Solution :

=  6x (5x + 7xy + 3x2)

=  6x (5x) + 6x (7xy) + 6x(3x2)

=  30x + 42x2y  + 18x3

## Related topics

After having gone through the stuff given above, we hope that the students would have understood "Multiplying polynomials by a monomial".

Apart from the stuff given in this section, if you need any other stuff in math, please use our google custom search here.

WORD PROBLEMS

HCF and LCM  word problems

Word problems on simple equations

Word problems on linear equations

Algebra word problems

Word problems on trains

Area and perimeter word problems

Word problems on direct variation and inverse variation

Word problems on unit price

Word problems on unit rate

Word problems on comparing rates

Converting customary units word problems

Converting metric units word problems

Word problems on simple interest

Word problems on compound interest

Word problems on types of angles

Complementary and supplementary angles word problems

Double facts word problems

Trigonometry word problems

Percentage word problems

Profit and loss word problems

Markup and markdown word problems

Decimal word problems

Word problems on fractions

Word problems on mixed fractrions

One step equation word problems

Linear inequalities word problems

Ratio and proportion word problems

Time and work word problems

Word problems on sets and venn diagrams

Word problems on ages

Pythagorean theorem word problems

Percent of a number word problems

Word problems on constant speed

Word problems on average speed

Word problems on sum of the angles of a triangle is 180 degree

OTHER TOPICS

Profit and loss shortcuts

Percentage shortcuts

Times table shortcuts

Time, speed and distance shortcuts

Ratio and proportion shortcuts

Domain and range of rational functions

Domain and range of rational functions with holes

Graphing rational functions

Graphing rational functions with holes

Converting repeating decimals in to fractions

Decimal representation of rational numbers

Finding square root using long division

L.C.M method to solve time and work problems

Translating the word problems in to algebraic expressions

Remainder when 2 power 256 is divided by 17

Remainder when 17 power 23 is divided by 16

Sum of all three digit numbers divisible by 6

Sum of all three digit numbers divisible by 7

Sum of all three digit numbers divisible by 8

Sum of all three digit numbers formed using 1, 3, 4

Sum of all three four digit numbers formed with non zero digits

Sum of all three four digit numbers formed using 0, 1, 2, 3

Sum of all three four digit numbers formed using 1, 2, 5, 6