**Identity and equality properties :**

Here we are going to see the properties of identity and equality.

(1) Additive identity

(2) Multiplicative identity

(3) Multiplicative property of zero

(4) Multiplicative inverse

(5) Reflexive

(6) Symmetric

(7) Transitive

(8) Substitution

The sum of any number and 0 is equal to the number. Thus, 0 is called the additive identity.

For any number a, the sum of a and 0 is a.

**a + 0 = 0 + a = a**

**Example :**

5 + 0 = 5, 0 + 5 = 5

The product of any number and 1 is equal to the number, 1 is called the multiplicative identity.

**a **⋅** 1 = 1 **⋅** a**** = a**

**Example :**

5 ⋅ 1 = 5, 1 ⋅ 5 = 5

The product of any number and 0 is equal to 0. This is called the Multiplicative Property of Zero.

**a **⋅** 0 = 0 **⋅** a**** = 0**

**Example :**

5 ⋅ 0 = 0, 0 ⋅ 5 = 0

For every number a/b, where a, b ≠ 0 , there is exactly one number b/a such that the product of a/b and b/a is 1.

**(a/b) **⋅** (b/a) = (b/a) **⋅ **(****a/b)**** = 1**

**Example :**

(2/3) ⋅ (3/2) = 6/6 = 1

(3/2) ⋅ (2/3) = 6/6 = 1

Any quantity is equal to itself.

For any number a, a = a.

**Example :**

7 = 7

2 + 3 = 3 + 2

If one quantity equals a second quantity, then the second quantity equals the first.

For any numbers "a" and "b", if a = b then b = a

**Example :**

If 9 = 6 + 3

then 6 + 3 = 9

If one quantity equals a second quantity the second quantity equals a third quantity, then then the first quantity equals the third quantity.

For any numbers a, b and c. If a = b and b = c, then a = c

**Example :**

If 5 + 7 = 8 + 4

and 8 + 4 = 12,

then 5 + 7 = 12

A quantity may be substituted for its equal in any expression.

If a = b, then a may be replaced by b is any expression.

**Example :**

If n = 15,

then 3n = 3 (15)

After having gone through the stuff given above, we hope that the students would have understood "Identity and equality properties".

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