# HOW TO CHECK IF THE GIVEN TRIANGLES ARE CONGRUENT WITH GIVEN TRIANGLES

## About "How to Check if the Given Triangles are Congruent with Given Triangles"

How to Check if the Given Triangles are Congruent with Given Triangles :

Here we are going to see some example problems to check if the given triangles are congruent with given triangles.

## How to Check if the Given Triangles are Congruent with Given Triangles - Practice questions

Question 1 :

Consider the given pairs of triangles and say whether each pair is that of congruent triangles. If the triangles are congruent, say ‘how’; if they are not congruent say ‘why’ and also say if a small modification would make them congruent: Solution :

In triangle ABC, and triangle PQR

AB  =  QP

BC  =  RQ

From the given information, the triangles are not congruent. If AC and RP were equal, then both the triangles will be congruent by using SSS criterion. Solution :

In triangle ABD, in triangle BDC

AB  =  DC (S)

DB  =  DB (S)

Hence the triangle ABD and BDC are congruent using the criterion SSS. Solution :

In triangle TXP and PXZ

YX  =  ZX  (S)

YP  =  PZ (S)

PX   =  PX (S)

Hence the triangles TXP and PXZ are congruent using the criterion SSS. Solution :

In triangle ABO and ODC

AO  =  OC (S)

<ABO  =  <ODC  (A)

<AOB  =  <DOC  (A)

By using the criterion ASA triangle ABO and ODC are congruent. Solution :

In triangle AOB, triangle ODC

BO  =  DO  (S)

AO  =  OC  (S)

<AOB  =  <ODC  (A)

By using the criterion SAS the triangles are AOB and ODC. Solution :

In triangle ABM and AMC

AB  =  AC  (S)

<AMB  =  <AMC  (A)

AM  =  AM  (S)

Hence the triangles ABM and AMC are congruent.

Question 2 :

ΔABC and ΔDEF are two triangles in which AB = DF, ∠ACB = 70°, ∠ABC = 60°; ∠DEF = 70° and ∠EDF = 60°. Prove that the triangles are congruent

Solution : AB  =  EF  (S)

<ABC  =  <EDF  (A)

<BCA  =  <DEF  (A)

Hence the triangles are congruent.

Question 4 :

Find all the three angles of the ΔABC <ACB  =  <ABC + <BAC

4x - 15  =  2x - 5 + x + 35

4x - 2x - x  =  35 - 5 + 15

x  =  45

4x - 15  =  4(45) - 15  =  165

2x - 5  =  2(45) - 5  =  85

x  + 35  =  45 + 35  =  80

Hence the required angles are 165, 85 and 80. After having gone through the stuff given above, we hope that the students would have understood, "How to Check if the Given Triangles are Congruent with Given Triangles"

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