## EXAMPLES ON INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL ANGLE BISECTOR THEOREM

Examples on Internal and External Angle Bisector Theorem :

In this section, let us learn some example problems based on the concept internal and external angle bisector theorem.

Angle Bisector Theorem :

The internal (external) bisector of an angle of a triangle divides the opposite side internally (externally) in the ratio of the corresponding sides containing the angle.

To know more about proof, please visit the page "Angle bisector theorem proof".

Example 1 :

In a triangle MNO, MP is the external bisector of angle M meeting NO produced at P. IF MN = 10 cm, MO = 6 cm, NO - 12 cm, then find OP.

Solution : MP is the external bisector of angle M by using angle bisector theorem in the triangle MNO we get,

(NP/OP)  =  (MN/MO)

NP  =  NO + OP

=  12 + OP

(12 + OP)/OP  =  10/6

6 (12 + OP)  =  10 OP

72 + 6 OP  =  10 OP

72  =  10 OP - 6 OP

4 OP  =  72

OP  =  72/4

=  18 cm

Example 2 :

In a quadrilateral ABCD, the bisectors of ∠B and ∠D intersect on AC at E. Prove that (AB/BC) = (AD/DC). Solution :

Here DE is the internal angle bisector of angle D.

by using internal bisector theorem, we get

Here BE is the internal angle bisector of angle B.

(AE/EC)  =  (AB/BC)  ----- (2)

from (1) and (2) we get,

Hence proved.

Example 3 :

The internal bisector of ∠A of triangle ABC meets BC at D and the external bisector of ∠A meets BC produced at E. Prove that (BD/BE)  =  (CD/CE).

Solution : In triangle ABC, AD is the internal bisector of angle A.

by using angular bisector theorem in triangle ABC

(BD/DC)  =  (AB/AC) ----- (1)

In triangle ABC, AE is the internal bisector of angle A.

(BE/CE)  =  (AB/AC) ----- (2)

from (1) and (2) we get,

(BD/DC)  =  (BE/CE)

(BD/BE)  =  (DC/CE)

Hence proved.

Example 4 :

ABCD is a quadrilateral with AB = AD. If AE and AF are internal bisectors of ∠BAC and ∠DAC respectively,then prove that the sides EF and BD are parallel.

Solution: In triangle ABC, AE is the internal bisector of ∠BAC

by using bisector theorem, we get

(AB/AC)  =  (BE/EC)  ----- (1)

In triangle ADC, AF is the internal bisector of ∠DAC

by using bisector theorem, we get

(AB/AC)  =  (DF/FC)  ----- (2)

from (1) and (2) we get

(DF/FC)  =  (BE/EC)

So, EF and BD are parallel by using converse of "Thales theorem". After having gone through the stuff given above, we hope that the students would have understood example problems using internal and external angle bisector theorem.

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