VERIFYING INVERSE FUNCTIONS BY COMPOSITION WORKSHEET

Verify if f(x) and g(x) are inverse to each other in each case.

Problem 1 :

f(x) = x + 3

g(x) = x - 3

Problem 2 :

f(x) = x – 3

g(x) = 4x + 8

Problem 3 :

f(x) = log10(x)

g(x) = 10x

Problem 4 :

f(x) = x – 3

g(x) = -5x

Problem 5 :

f(x) = x

g(x) = 3x + 8

Answers

1. Answer :

f(x) = x + 3

g(x) = x - 3

To check whether f(x) and g(x) are inverse to each other, find f o g and g o f.

f o g :

f o g = f[g(x)]

= f[x + 3]

= x + 3 - 3

= x ----(1)

g o f :

g o f = g[f(x)]

= g[x - 3]

= x - 3 + 3

=  x ----(2)

From (1) and (2), 

f o g = g o f = x

So, f(x) and g(x) are inverse to each other. 

2. Answer :

f(x) = x – 3

g(x) = 4x + 8

f o g :

f o g = f[g(x)]

= f[4x + 8]

= 4x + 8 - 3

= 4x + 5  ≠  x

Because f o ≠ x, we don't have to find g o f. And f(x) and g(x) are not inverse to each other. 

3. Answer :

f(x) = log10(x)

g(x) = 10x

f o g :

f o g = f[g(x)]

= f[10x]

log10(10x)

= xlog1010

= x(1) 

= x ----(1)

g o f :

g o f = g[f(x)]

= g[log10(x)]

= 10log10(x)

= x ----(2)

From (1) and (2), 

f o g = g o f = x

So, f(x) and g(x) are inverse to each other. 

4. Answer :

f(x) = x – 3

g(x) = -5x

f o g :

f o g = f[g(x)]

= f [-5x]

= -5x - 3  ≠ x

Because f  o ≠ x, we don't have to find g o f. And f(x) and g(x) are not inverse to each other. 

5. Answer :

f(x) = x

g(x) = 3x + 8

f o g :

f o g = f[g(x)]

= f[3x + 8]

= 3x + 8  x

Because f o ≠ x, we don't have to find g o f. And f(x) and g(x) are not inverse to each other. 

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