Unitary method aims at determining values in relation to a single unit.
The formula given below can be used to find the value of one unit.
Unitary Method Definition and Example :
Definition :
Unitary-method is all about finding value to a single unit.
Unitary-method can be used to calculate cost, measurements like liters and time.
Example :
If 20 apples cost $50, then price of one apple is
= 50/20
= $2.50
Problem 1 :
If 131 cans contain 838.4 liters of oil. How many liters of oil can be contained in 60 cans ?
Solution :
Given : 131 cans contain 838.4 liters of oil.
Number of liters of oil contained in one can is
= 838.4/131
= 6.4 liters
Then, number of liters of oil contained in 60 cans is
= 60 ⋅ 6.4
= 384 liters
Problem 2 :
If the total weight of 11 jack fruits is 10.56 kg, then what will be the weight of 16 jack fruits ?
Solution :
Given : Total weight of 11 jack fruits is 10.56 kg
The weight of one jack fruit is
= 10.56/11
= 0.96
Then, the weight of 16 jack fruit is
= 16 ⋅ 0.96
= 15.36 kilograms
Problem 3 :
Cost of 26 pens is $15.34. What will be cost of 12 pens ?
Solution :
Given : Cost of 26 pens is $15.34
The cost of one pen is
= 15.34/26
= 0.59
Then, the cost 12 pens is
= 12 ⋅ 0.59
= $7.08
Problem 4 :
If David's salary per year is $26,400, find his salary for four months.
Solution :
Given : David's salary per year is $26,400
We know that,
1 year = 12 months
David's salary per month is
= 26400/12
= $2,200
Then, David's salary for four months is
= 4 ⋅ 2200
= $8,800
Problem 5 :
If a car runs 150 miles in 15 liters of fuel, how many miles will it run in 10 liters of fuel ?
Solution :
Given : The car runs 150 miles in 15 liters of fuel.
No. of miles run by the car in 1 liter of fuel is
= 150/15
= 10 miles
Then, no. of miles run by the car in 10 liters of fuel is
= 10 ⋅ 10
= 100 miles
Problem 6 :
A car covers a distance of 420 miles in 3 hours. At the same rate, how much time will it take to cover 630 miles ?
Solution :
Given : The car covers a distance of 420 miles in 3 hours.
Time taken by the car to cover 1 mile
= 3/420 hours
Then, time taken by the car to cover 630 miles
= 630 ⋅ 3/420
= 4½ hours
Problem 7 :
John has earned $54,000 in the last three years. At the same rate, how much money will he earn in the next six months ?
Solution :
Given : John's has earned $54,000 in the last three years.
We know that,
1 year = 12 months
3 years = 3 ⋅ 12 = 36 months
John's earning per month is
= 54000/36
= 1500
Then, the money that John will earn in the next six months is
= 6 ⋅ 1500
= $9,000
Problem 8 :
John has earned $54,000 in the last three years. At the same rate, how much money will he earn in the next six months ?
Solution :
Given : John's has earned $54,000 in the last three years.
We know that,
1 year = 12 months
3 years = 3 ⋅ 12 = 36 months
John's earning per month is
= 54000/36
= 1500
Then, the money that John will earn in the next six months is
= 6 ⋅ 1500
= $9,000
Problem 9 :
Michael has worked for 168 hours in the last three weeks. If he had worked the same number of hours each day, how many hours would he have worked in the first 3 days ?
Solution :
Given : Michael has worked for 168 hours in 3 weeks.
We know that,
1 week = 7 days
3 weeks = 3 ⋅ 7 = 21 days
Number of hours that Michael has worked each day is
= 168/21
= 8 hours
Then, the number of hours that Michael has worked in the first 3 days is
= 3 ⋅ 8
= 24 hours
Problem 10 :
If 7 men can complete the work in 10 days working 6 hours per day, how many days will it be taken by 4 men to complete the same work working 7 hours per day ?
Solution :
Given : 7 men can complete the work in 10 days working 6 hours per day
No. of hours taken by one man to complete the work is
= No. of men ⋅ No. of days ⋅ No. of hours
= 7 ⋅ 10 ⋅ 6
= 420 hours
No. of hours taken by three men to complete the work is
= 420/3
= 140 hours
No. of days taken by three men to complete the work is
= Total hours/Hours per day
= 140/7
= 20 days
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