TRIGONOMETRY PROBLEMS WITH SOLUTIONS

Trigonometry Problems with Solutions :

Here we are going to see an example problem on the topic trigonometry.

Problems and Solutions

Problem 1 :

Two ships are sailing in the sea on either side of the lighthouse. The angles of depression of two ships as observed from the top of the lighthouse are 60° and 45° respectively. If the distance between the ships is 200[(3  + 1)/3] metres, find the height of the lighthouse.

Solution :

In triangle ABD

tan 45  =  DB/AB

1  =  DB/AB

AB  =  DB  ---------(1)

In triangle DBC,

tan 60  =  DB/BC

3  =  DB/BC

BC  =  DB/3  ---------(2)

(1) + (2)

AB + BC  =  200[(3+1)/3]

DB + (DB/3)  =   200[(3+1)/3]

DB(1 + (1/3))  =   200[(3+1)/3]

DB[(3+1)/3]  =  200[(3+1)/3]

DB  =  200

Hence the height of the light house is 200 m.

Problem 2 :

A building and a statue are in opposite side of a street from each other 35 m apart. From a point on the roof of building the angle of elevation of the top of statue is 24° and the angle of depression of base of the statue is 34° . Find the height of the statue. (tan 24° = 0.4452, tan 34° = 0.6745)

Solution :

In triangle AED,

0.4452  =  ED/35

ED  =  0.4452(35)

ED  =  15.582

In triangle ABC,

tan 34  =  AB/BC

0.6745  =  AB/35

0.6745(35)  =  AB

AB  =  23.60

AB  =  DC

Height of statue  =  15.58 + 23.60

=  39.18 m

After having gone through the stuff given above, we hope that the students would have understood how to solve higher grade trigonometry problems.

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