Translating a sentence or statement into an algebraic equation is an important stuff which is much required to solve word problems in math.
Let us see, how to translate the information given in a word problem into an algebraic expression or equation in the following examples.
Example 1 :
Example 2 :
Example 3 :
Example 4 :
Example 5 :
The age of a father is thrice the sum of the ages of his two sons and 5 years hence his age will be twice the sum of their ages. Find the present age of the father.
Step 1 :
Let us understand the information given.
There are two information given in the question.
1. The age of the father is thrice the sum of the ages of his two sons. (At present)
2. After 5 years, his age would be twice the sum of their ages. (After 5 years)
Step 2 :
Target of the question : Present age of the father
Step 3 :
Introduce required variables for the information given in the question.
Let x be the present age of the father.
Let y be the sum of present ages of two sons.
Clearly, the value of x to be found.
Because that is the target of the question.
Step 4 :
Translate the given information as mathematical equation using x and y.
First information :
The age of the father is thrice the sum of the ages of his two sons.
Translation (i) :
The Age of the father -----> x
is -----> =
Thrice the sum of the ages of his two sons -----> 3y
Equation related to the first information using x and y is
x = 3y -----(1)
Second Information :
After 5 years, his age would be twice the sum of their ages.
Translation (ii) :
Age of the father after 5 years -----> (x + 5)
After 5 years :
Sum of the ages of his two sons -----> y + 5 + 5 = y + 10
(Here we have added 5 two times.The reason is there are two sons)
Twice the sum of ages of two sons -----> 2(y + 10)
would be -----> =
Equations related to the second information using x and y is
x + 5 = 2(y + 10)
x + 5 = 2y + 20
Subtract 2y and 5 from each side.
x - 2y = 15 -----(2)
Step 5 :
Solve (1) and (2) to find the value of the unknown.
Substitute 3y for x in (2).
(2)-----> 3y - 2y = 15
y = 15
Substitute 15 for y in (1).
(1)-----> x = 3(15)
x = 45
Therefore, the present age of the father is 45 years.
Apart from the stuff given in this section, if you would like to have any other stuff in math, please use our google custom search here.
If you have any feedback about our math content, please mail us :
We always appreciate your feedback.
You can also visit the following web pages on different stuff in math.
APTITUDE TESTS ONLINE
ACT MATH ONLINE TEST
TRANSFORMATIONS OF FUNCTIONS
ORDER OF OPERATIONS
Analytical geometry calculators
MATH FOR KIDS
Word problems on linear equations
Trigonometry word problems
Word problems on mixed fractrions
Ratio and proportion shortcuts
Converting repeating decimals in to fractions