**Textual presentation of data :**

This method comprises presenting data with the help of a paragraph or a number of paragraphs. The official report of an inquiry commission is usually made by textual presentation.

Following is an example of textual presentation.

In 1999, out of a total of five thousand workers of a factory, four thousand and two hundred were members of a Trade Union.The number of female workers was twenty per cent of the total workers out of which thirty per cent were members of the

Trade Union.

In 2000, the number of workers belonging to the trade union was increased by twenty per cent as compared to 1999 of which four thousand and two hundred were male.

The number of workers not belonging to trade union was nine hundred and fifty of which four hundred and fifty were females. The merit of this mode of presentation lies in its simplicity and even a layman can present data by this method.

The observations with exact magnitude can be presented with the help of textual presentation. Furthermore, this type of presentation can be taken as the first step towards the other methods of presentation.

Textual presentation, however, is not preferred by a statistician simply because, it is dull, monotonous and comparison between different observations is not possible in this method.

For manifold classification, this method cannot be recommended and tabulation is usually preferred.

Now, let us see, how the same data can be represented using tabular representation.

Status of the workers of the factory on the basis of their trade union membership for 1999 and 2000.

Source :

Here, we have to write the source through which we got the above data.

Footnote :

TU, M, F and T stand for trade union, male, female and total respectively.

The tabulation method is usually preferred to textual- presentation as

(i) It facilitates comparison between rows and columns.

(ii) Complicated data can also be represented using tabulation.

(iii) It is a must for diagrammatic representation.

(iv) Without tabulation, statistical analysis of data is not possible.

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