**Solving Rational Inequality Examples : **

In this section, we will learn, how to solve rational inequality.

Different forms of rational inequalities.

(ax + b) / (cx + d) > 0

(ax + b) / (cx + d) < 0

(ax + b) / (cx + d) ≥ 0

(ax + b) / (cx + d) ≤ 0

If the given inequality is in one of the above forms, we may follow the steps given below to solve the inequality.

On the right side of the inequality, if we have a value other than zero, first we have to make it as zero using addition or subtraction.

**Step 1 :**

Make sign of coefficient of x as positive, if they are not.

**Step 2 :**

Equate the numerator and denominator to zero and find the values of x. These values are known as critical number.

**Step 3 :**

Draw the number line and plot critical numbers.

**Step 4 :**

These critical numbers will divide the number line into three regions.

**Step 5 :**

In the right most region the expression on L.H.S of the equation obtained in the step 4 will be positive and other regions will be alternatively negative and positive in other regions.

**Step 6 :**

- If the given question has the inequalities < or ≤, we have to choose the intervals in the negative region.
- If the given question has the inequalities > or ≥, we have to choose the interval in the positive region.

**Example 1 :**

Solve the following linear inequalities.

(x - 3)/(x - 5) > 0

**Solution :**

(x - 3)/(x - 5) > 0

By equating the numerator and denominator to zero, we get

x = 3 and x = 5

The critical number is dividing the number line into three regions.

Since we have greater than sign (>) in the given question, we have to choose only positive regions.

Hence, the solution set of given equation is

(-∞, 3) U (5, ∞)

**Example 2 :**

Solve the following linear inequations

(x - 2)/(x + 5) > 2

**Solution :**

(x - 2)/(x + 5) > 2

Subtract by 2 throughout the equation

[(x - 2)/(x + 5)] - 2 > 2 - 2

By taking L.C.M we get,

[(x - 2) - 2(x + 5)}/(x + 5) > 0

(x - 2 - 2x - 10)/(x + 5) > 0

-x - 12/(x + 5) > 0

- (x + 12)/(x + 5) > 0

In order to make the coefficient x as positive, we have to multiply by -1 through out the equation

(x + 12)/(x + 5) < 0

So the > has being converted into <.

Equate the numerator and denominator to zero, we get

x + 12 = 0 x + 5 = 0

x = -12 and x = -5 (Critical numbers)

The critical number is dividing the number line into three regions.

Since we have greater than sign (<) in the last step, we have to choose only negative regions.

Hence, the solution set of given equation is

(-12, -5)

After having gone through the stuff given above, we hope that the students would have understood, how to solve rational inequality examples.

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