**Proportional and nonproportional situations worksheet :**

Worksheet on proportional and non proportional situations is much useful to the students who would like to practice problems on linear relationship between two quantities.

1. The graph shows the relationship between the weight of an object on the Moon and its weight on Earth. Explain why this relationship is proportional and also write an equation for the relationship.

2. The entrance fee for Mountain World theme park is $20. Visitors purchase additional $2 tickets for rides, games, and food. The equation y = 2x + 20 gives the total cost, y, to visit the park, including purchasing x tickets. Explain why the relationship between number of tickets and total cost is not proportional using a graph.

3. The relationship between two quantities is linear. How can you conclude from the graph whether the relationship is proportional or non proportional ?

**Question 1 :**

The graph shows the relationship between the weight of an object on the Moon and its weight on Earth. Explain why this relationship is proportional and also write an equation for the relationship.

**Answer :**

**Step 1 :**

The graph of the given relationship contains the origin or the line is passing through the origin.

So, the relationship is proportional.

**Step 2 :**

Make a table relating amount earned to number of hours.

**Step 3 :**

Find the constant of proportionality.

Moon weight : Earth weight

1 : 6 = 1 : 6

2 : 12 = 1 : 6

3 : 18 = 1 : 6

5 : 30 = 1 : 6

The constant of proportionality is 1 : 6 or 1/6.

**Step 4 : **

Write an equation.

Let x represent weight on Earth.

Let y represent weight on the Moon.

The equation is y = kx

Replace k with 1/6 in the above equation.

y = (1/6)x

y = x/6

**Question 2 : **

The entrance fee for Mountain World theme park is $20. Visitors purchase additional $2 tickets for rides, games, and food. The equation y = 2x + 20 gives the total cost, y, to visit the park, including purchasing x tickets. Explain why the relationship between number of tickets and total cost is not proportional using a graph.

**Answer : **

**Step 1 :**

Choose several values for x that make sense in context.

**Step 2 :**

Plot the ordered pairs from the table. Describe the shape of the graph.

**Step 3 : **

In the above graph, the points lie on a line. But the line does not pass through the origin. So, the relationship between number of tickets and total cost is not proportional.

**Question 3 : **

The relationship between two quantities is linear. How can you conclude from the graph whether the relationship is proportional or non proportional ?

**Answer :**

If the relationship between the two quantities is linear, its graph will be a line.

If the line goes through the origin, then the relationship is proportional.

If the line does not go through the origin, then the relationship is non proportional.

After having gone through the stuff given above, we hope that the students would have understood, Proportional and non-proportional situations.

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