**Properties of subtraction of integers :**

In Math, the whole numbers and negative numbers together are called integers. The set of all integers is denoted by Z.

Z = {... - 2, - 1,0,1,2, ...}, is the set of all integers

Here, we are going to see the following the three properties of subtraction of integers.

(i) Closure property

(ii) Commutative property

(iii) Associative property

Let us look at these properties of subtraction of integers in detail.

Observe the following examples:

(i) 12 - 5 = 7

(ii) 5 - 12 = -7

(iii) (-18) - (-13) = -18 + 13 = -5

(iv) (-13) - (-18) = -13 + 18 = 5

(v) (-18) - 13 = -18 - 13 = -31

(vi) 18 - (-13) = 18 + 13 = 31

From the above examples, it is clear that subtraction of any two integers is again an integer.

In general, for any two integers a and b, a - b is an integer.

Therefore, the set of integers is closed under subtraction.

Now, let us look at commutative property of subtraction of integers.

Consider the integers 7 and 4. We see that

7 - 4 = 3

4 - 7 = - 3

Therefore, 7 - 4 ≠ 4 - 7

In general, for any two integers a and b

a - b ≠ b - a

Therefore, we conclude that subtraction is not commutative for integers.

Now, let us look at associative property of subtraction of integers.

Consider the integers 7, 4 and 2

7 - (4 - 2) = 7 - 2 = 5

(7 - 4) - 2 = 3 - 2 = 1

Therefore, 7 - (4 - 2) ≠ (7 - 4) - 2

In general, for any three integers a , b and c

a - (b - c) ≠ (a - b) - c.

Therefore, subtraction of integers is not associative.

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