PROPERTIES OF SUBTRACTION OF INTEGERS

In Math, the whole numbers and negative numbers together are called integers. The set of all integers is denoted by Z.

Z  =  {... - 2, - 1,0,1,2, ...}, is the set of all integers

Here, we are going to see the following the three properties of subtraction of integers. 

(i)  Closure property

(ii)  Commutative property

(iii)  Associative property

Closure Property of Subtraction of Integers

Observe the following examples:

(i)  12 - 5  =  7

(ii)  5 - 12  =  -7

(iii)  (-18) - (-13)  =  -18 + 13  =  -5 

(iv)  (-13) - (-18)  =  -13 + 18  =  5

(v)  (-18) - 13  =  -18 - 13  =  -31  

(vi)  18 - (-13)  =  18 + 13  =  31  

From the above examples, it is clear that subtraction of any two integers is again an integer.

In general, for any two integers a and b, a - b is an integer.

Therefore, the set of integers is closed under subtraction.

Commutative Property of Subtraction of Integers

Consider the integers 7 and 4. We see that

7 - 4 = 3

4 - 7 = - 3

Therefore,  7 - 4    4 - 7

In general, for any two integers a and b

a - b  ≠  b - a

Therefore, we conclude that subtraction is not commutative for integers.

Associative Property of Subtraction of Integers

Consider the integers 7, 4 and 2

7 - (4 - 2)  =  7 - 2  =  5

(7 - 4) - 2  =  3 - 2  =  1

Therefore, 7 - (4 - 2)  ≠   (7 - 4) - 2

In general, for any three integers a , b and c

a - (b - c)  ≠  (a - b) - c.

Therefore, subtraction of integers is not associative.

Kindly mail your feedback to v4formath@gmail.com

We always appreciate your feedback.

©All rights reserved. onlinemath4all.com

Recent Articles

  1. Unit Rates

    Dec 02, 22 04:18 PM

    Unit Rates - Concept - Examples with step by step explanation

    Read More

  2. Adding and Subtracting Fractions Worksheet

    Dec 02, 22 07:27 AM

    Adding and Subtracting Fractions Worksheet

    Read More

  3. Relation between Radian and Degree

    Dec 02, 22 07:16 AM

    Relation between Radian and Degree

    Read More