Problem 1 :
A circus tent is in the form of a cylinder with a height of 3 m and conical above it. If the base radius is 52.5 m and the slant height of the cone is 53 m, find the canvas needed to make the tent.
Solution :
Cylindrical part :
The radius of the cylindrical part (r) = 52.5 m
Height of the cylindrical part(h) = 3 m
Curved surface-area of the cylindrical part = 2πrh
= 2π(52.5)(3)
= 315 π m²
Conical part:
The radius of the conical part = 52.5 m
Slant height of the conical part = 53 m
Curved Surface-area of the conical part = πrl
= π (52.5) (53)
= (2782.5) π
Area of the canvas required :
Area of the canvas required = CSA of the cylindrical part + CSA of the conical part
= 315π + (2782.5)π
= (3097.5)π m²
Hence, area of the canvas required = (3097.5)π m²
Problem 2 :
A vessel is in the form of hollow cylinder which has been surmounted on a hemispherical bowl. The diameter of a hemisphere is 14cm and the total height of a vessel is 13cm. Find the required curved surface area of the vessel.
Solution :
Diameter of the hemisphere = 14 cm
Radius of the hemisphere = 14/2 = 7 cm
Radius of the cylinder = radius of the hemisphere = 7 cm
Total height of the vessel = 14 cm
Total height of the vessel = height of the cylinder + radius of the hemisphere
13 = height of the cylinder + 7
Height of the cylinder = 13 - 7 = 6 cm
Curved Surface Area of the vessel = CSA of the cylinder + CSA of the hemisphere
= 2πrh + 2πr²
Here r = 7 and h = 6
= 2π(7)(6) + 2π (7)²
= 84π + 98π
= 182π
Hence, the Curved Surface Area of the Vessel = 182 π cm²
Problem 3 :
A play top is in the form of a hemisphere surmounted on a cone. The diameter of the hemisphere is 3.6 cm. The total height of the play top is 4.2 cm. Find its total surface area.
Solution :
Let r and h are radius and height of the cone.
diameter of the hemisphere = 3.6 cm
radius of hemisphere (r) = 3.6/2 = 1.8 cm
total height of the play top = 4.2cm
radius of hemisphere + height of cone = 4.2
1.8 + h = 4.2
h = 4.2-1.8
h = 2.4 cm
Now we are going to find slant height of cone
l^{2} = r^{2}+h^{2}
= (1.8)^{2}+ (2.4)^{2}
= 3.24 + 5.76
l^{2} = 9
L = √(3 ⋅ 3)
L = 3 cm
To find the total surface area of the play top, we have to find the sum of curved surface area of hemisphere and curved surface area of cone.
Total surface area of play top = C.S.A of hemisphere + C.S.A of cone
= 2Πr^{2}+Πrl
= Πr(2r+l)
= Π ⋅ (1.8) [2(1.8) + 3]
= Π ⋅ (1.8) (3.6+3)
= Π (1.8) (6.6)
= 11.88 Π cm^{2}
Total surface area of the play top = 11.88 Π cm².
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