Problem 1 :
A committee of 7 members is to be chosen from 6 artists, 4 singers and 5 writers. In how many ways can this be done if in the committee there must be at least one member from each group and at least 3 artists ?
Solution :
For the given condition, possible ways to select members for a committee of 7 members.
(3A, 3S, 1W) ----> 6C3 ⋅ 4C3 ⋅ 5C1 = 20 ⋅ 4 ⋅ 5 = 400
(3A, 1S, 3W) ----> 6C3 ⋅ 4C1 ⋅ 3C1 = 20 ⋅ 4 ⋅ 10 = 800
(3A, 2S, 2W) ----> 6C3 ⋅ 4C2 ⋅ 5C2 = 20 ⋅ 6 ⋅ 10 = 1200
(4A, 2S, 1W) ----> 6C4 ⋅ 4C2 ⋅ 5C1 = 15 ⋅ 6 ⋅ 5 = 450
(4A, 1S, 2W) ----> 6C4 ⋅ 4C1 ⋅ 5C2 = 15 ⋅ 4 ⋅ 10 = 600
(5A, 1S, 1W) ----> 6C5 ⋅ 4C1 ⋅ 5C1 = 6 ⋅ 4 ⋅ 5 = 120
Thus, the total no. of ways is
= 400 + 800 + 1200 + 450 + 600 + 120
= 3570
Problem 2 :
The supreme court has given a 6 to 3 decisions upholding a lower court. Find the number of ways it can give a majority decision reversing the lower court.
Solution :
Upholding a lower court means, supporting it for its decision.
Reversing a lower court means, opposing it for its decision.
In total of 9 cases (6 + 3 = 9), it may give 5 or 6 or 7 or 8 or 9 decisions reversing the lower court. And it can not be 4 or less than 4. Because majority of 9 is 5 or more.
The possible combinations in which it can give a majority decision reversing the lower court are
5 out of 9 ----> 9C5 = 126
6 out of 9 ----> 9C6 = 84
7 out of 9 ----> 9C7 = 36
8 out of 9 ----> 9C8 = 9
9 out of 9 ----> 9C9 = 1
Thus, the total number of ways is
= 126 + 84 + 36 + 9 + 1
= 256
Problem 3 :
Five bulbs of which three are defective are to be tried in two bulb points in a dark room. Find the number of trials in which the room can be lighted.
Solution :
Given : 3 bulbs are defective out of 5.There are two bulb points in the dark room.
One bulb (or two bulbs) in good condition is enough to light the room.
Since there are two bulb points, we have to select 2 out of 5 bulbs.
No. of ways of selecting 2 bulbs out of 5 is
= 5P2
= 10
(It includes selecting two good bulbs, two defective bulbs, one good bulb and one defective bulb. So, in these 10 ways, room may be lighted or may not be lighted)
Number of ways of selecting 2 defective bulbs out of 3 is
= 3C2
= 3
(It includes selecting only two defective bulbs. So, in these 3 ways, room can not be lighted)
The number of ways in which the room can be lighted is
= 10 - 3
= 7
Problem 4 :
Find the number of ways of selecting 4 letters from the word EXAMINATION.
Solution :
There are 11 letters in the word of which A,I,N are repeated twice.
Thus, we have 11 letters of 8 different kinds as given below.
(A, A), (I, I), (N, N), E, X, M, T, O
The group of 4 letters can be selected in any one of the following 4 forms.
(i) 2 alike and other 2 alike.
(ii) 2 alike and other 2 different.
(iii) All 4 different.
Case (i) :
If 2 are alike and other 2 are also alike, any 2 of the 3 groups
(A, A),(I, I),(N, N)
will be selected.
The number of ways is
= 3C2
= 3
Case (ii) :
If 2 are alike and other 2 are different, any one of the three groups
(A, A), (I, I), (N, N)
and 2 letters from 7 different letters are selected.
[E, X, M, T, O + 2 different letters from (A, A), (I, I),(N, N), because one of the groups is already selected]
The number of ways is
= 3C1 ⋅ 7C2
= 3 ⋅ 21
= 63
Case (iii) :
If all four are different, 4 from 8 different letters
A, I, N, E, X, M, T, O
are selected.
The number of ways is
= 8C4
= 70
Thus the total number of ways is
= 3 + 63 + 70
= 136
Problem 5 :
The letters of the word ZENITH are written in all possible orders. If all the words are written in a dictionary, what is the rank or order of the word ZENITH ?
Solution :
Number of new words formed with the letters of the word.
ZENITH = 6! = 720
Alphabetical order of the letters of the word ZENITH is
E, H, I, N, T, Z
Dictionary gives meanings in the order starting with E,H and so on.
Number of words can be formed starting with E,H and so on.
E __ __ __ __ __ = 5! = 120 words
H __ __ __ __ __ = 5! = 120 words
I __ __ __ __ __ = 5! = 120 words
N __ __ __ __ __ = 5! = 120 words
T __ __ __ __ __ = 5! = 120 words
Z E H __ __ __ = 3! = 6 words
Z E I __ __ __ = 3! = 6 words
Z E N H __ __ = 2! = 2 words
Z E N I H __ = 1! = 1 word
Z E N I T H = 1! = 1 word
Thus, the total number of words is
= 120 + 120 + 120 + 120 + 120 + 6 + 6 + 2 + 1 + 1
= 616
Hence, the rank or order of the word ZENITH is 616.
Problem 6 :
A committee of parents is made up of 20 delegates of which 10 represent the primary school, 6 the intermediate school and 4 the secondary school. A committee of 6 people is to be formed.
a. How many different committees are there?
b. How many different committees are there if only the primary school is represented?
Solution :
Part (a) :
Total number of delegates given = 20.
We have to select 6 people of these 20 delegates to form a committee.
20C6 = 38760
Hence, 38760 different committees are three.
Part (b) :
Number of delegates from primary school = 10.
We have to select 6 people of these 10 delegates to form a committee.
10C6 = 10C4
= 210
Hence, 210 different committees are three if only the primary school is represented.
Problem 7 :
A hospital decides to send a delegation of 8 doctors to a conference. These 8 doctors are chosen chosen from a group of 17 among which there are 6 surgeons. How many ways are there if at least 4 surgeons must be in the delegation?
Solution :
We need to select 8 doctors out of a group 17 doctors. In the selected 8 doctors, there must at least 4 surgeons.
So, we have to select minimum 4 surgeons.
The possible options are :
There are six possible options to select 8 doctors.
6C4 x 11C4 = 15 x 330 = 4950
6C5 x 11C3 = 6 x 165 = 990
6C6 x 11C2 = 1 x 55 = 55
We can not apply all the above options simultaneously. We can apply only one of them at a time, the first option or second option or third option.
According to the fundamental principles of counting, we have to use 'addition rule'.
OR ----> Addition
Therefore, the number of ways to select 8 doctors in which there are at least 4 surgeons :
= 1^{st} option or 2^{nd} option or 3^{rd} option
= 1^{st} option + 2^{nd} option + 3^{rd} option
= 4950 + 990 + 55
= 5995
Kindly mail your feedback to v4formath@gmail.com
We always appreciate your feedback.
WORD PROBLEMS
Word problems on simple equations
Word problems on linear equations
Word problems on quadratic equations
Area and perimeter word problems
Word problems on direct variation and inverse variation
Word problems on comparing rates
Converting customary units word problems
Converting metric units word problems
Word problems on simple interest
Word problems on compound interest
Word problems on types of angles
Complementary and supplementary angles word problems
Markup and markdown word problems
Word problems on mixed fractions
One step equation word problems
Linear inequalities word problems
Ratio and proportion word problems
Word problems on sets and Venn diagrams
Pythagorean theorem word problems
Percent of a number word problems
Word problems on constant speed
Word problems on average speed
Word problems on sum of the angles of a triangle is 180 degree
OTHER TOPICS
Time, speed and distance shortcuts
Ratio and proportion shortcuts
Domain and range of rational functions
Domain and range of rational functions with holes
Graphing rational functions with holes
Converting repeating decimals in to fractions
Decimal representation of rational numbers
Finding square root using long division
L.C.M method to solve time and work problems
Translating the word problems in to algebraic expressions
Remainder when 2 power 256 is divided by 17
Remainder when 17 power 23 is divided by 16
Sum of all three digit numbers divisible by 6
Sum of all three digit numbers divisible by 7
Sum of all three digit numbers divisible by 8
Sum of all three digit numbers formed using 1, 3, 4
Sum of all three four digit numbers formed with non zero digits
Sum of all three four digit numbers formed using 0, 1, 2, 3
Sum of all three four digit numbers formed using 1, 2, 5, 6
©All rights reserved. onlinemath4all.com
May 19, 22 12:17 PM
Circles Worksheet
May 19, 22 12:14 PM
SAT Math Practice Worksheets - Topic wise worksheet with step by step explanation for each question
May 19, 22 12:10 PM
SAT Math Practice - Different Topics - Concept - Formulas - Example problems with step by step explanation