**Modeling the volume of a cylinder :**

A cylinder is a three-dimensional figure that has two congruent circular bases that lie in parallel planes. The volume of any three-dimensional figure is the number of cubic units needed to fill the space taken up by the solid figure.

One cube represents one cubic unit of volume. We can develop the formula for the volume of a cylinder using an empty soup can or other cylindrical container. First, remove one of the bases.** **

**Step 1 :**

Arrange centimeter cubes in a single layer at the bottom of the cylinder as shown in the figure. Fit as many cubes into the layer as possible.

**Step 2 :**

To find how many layers of cubes fit in the cylinder, make a stack of cubes along the inside of the cylinder as shown in the figure.

**Step 3 :**

To find the approximate number of cubes that would fit in the cylinder, multiply the number of cubes in the bottom layer times the number of layers.

Now, the approximate volume of the cylinder is the total number of cubes in the cylinder.

1. Suppose you know the area of the base of a cylinder and the height of the cylinder. How can you find the cylinder’s volume ?

Multiply the area of the base times the height.

2. Let the area of the base of a cylinder be B and the height of the cylinder be h. Write a formula for the cylinder’s volume V.

V = Bh

The base of a cylinder is a circle, so for a cylinder,

B = ∏r**²**

Then, we have

V = ∏r**²**h cubic units

**Problem 1 :**

Find the volume of the cylinder given below. Round your answer to the nearest tenth if necessary. Use the approximate of value of ∏, that is 3.14.

**Solution : **

**Step 1 : **

Write the formula to find volume of a cylinder

V = ∏r**²**h cubic units

**Step 2 : **

Substitute the given measures.

V ≈ 3.14 · 3² · 10

Simplify.

V ≈ 3.14 · 9 · 10

V ≈ 282.6

Hence, the volume of the given cylinder is about 282.6 cubic inches.

**Problem 2 :**

Find the volume of the cylinder given below. Round your answer to the nearest tenth if necessary. Use the approximate of value of ∏, that is 3.14.

**Solution : **

**Step 1 : **

Write the formula to find volume of a cylinder

V = ∏r**²**h cubic units

**Step 2 : **

To find the volume, we need the radius of the cylinder. But, the diameter is given, that is 6.4 cm. So, find the radius.

r = diameter / 2

r = 6.4/2

r = 3.2

**Step 3 : **

The given cylinder is in horizontal position and its length is 13 cm. If the cylinder is in vertical position, the length will become height. So, the height is

h = 13

**Step 4 :**

Plug r = 3.2 and h = 13.

V ≈ 3.14 · 3.2² · 13

Simplify.

V ≈ 3.14 · 10.24 · 13

V ≈ 418

Hence, the volume of the given cylinder is about 418 cubic cm.

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