MODELING DECIMAL FRACTION AND PERCENT EQUIVALENTS

Using models can help us to understand how decimals, fractions, and percent are related.

Example 1 :

Model 0.78 by shading a 10-by-10 grid.

Solution :

Since there are two digits after the decimal point in 0.78, we can write 0.78 as a fraction 78/100.

0.78 = 78/100

0.78 = 78%

0.78 = 78 out of a hundred

In 10 by- 10 grid, there will be 100 equal parts.

Because 10 x 10 = 100.

Since 0.78 = 78 out of a hundred, we have to shade 78 out 100 parts in 10 by- 10 grid to model the decimal 0.78.

Example 2 :

Model 1.42 by shading a 10-by-10 grid.

Solution :

There are two digits after the decimal point in 1.42. So, we can write 1.42 as a fraction 142/100.

Here, the numerator 142 is greater than 100.

Since we are going to use 10 by 10- grid (100 equal parts), we can write the given decimal 1.42 as given below.

1.42 can be written as shown below.

1.42 = 1 42/100

1.42 = 1 + 42/100

Therefore, there are two parts in 1.42.

They are 1 and 42/100.

So, we have to use two 10 by-10 grids to model the decimal 1.42.

Since we write 1.42 = 100/100 + 42/100, we have to shade all the 100 parts in the first grid and 42 parts in the second grid.

Example 3 :

Model 125% by shading a 10-by-10 grid.

Solution :

Percent means per hundred.

125% = 125/100

Here, the numerator 125 is greater than 100.

Since we are going to use 10 by 10- grid (100 equal parts), we can write 125% as given below.

125% can be written as shown below.

125% = 125/100

125% = 1.25

125% = 1 25/100

125% = 1 + 25/100

Therefore, there are two parts in 125%.

They are 1 and 25/100.

So, we have to use two 10 by-10 grids to model 125%.

Since we write 125%  =  100/100 + 25/100, we have to shade all the 100 parts in the first grid and 25 parts in the second grid.

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