USING THE MIDPOINT FORMULA WORKSHEET

1. The mid points of the sides of a triangle are (2, 4), (-2, 3) and (5, 2). Find the coordinates of the vertices of the triangle.

2. O(0, 0) is the center of a circle whose one chord is AB, where the points A and B are (8, 6) and (10, 0) respectively. If OD is the perpendicular from the center to the chord AB, find the coordinates of the mid point of OD.

3. The points A(-5, 4), B(-1, -2) and C(5, 2) are the vertices of an isosceles right angled triangle where the right angle is at B. Find the coordinates of D so that ABCD is a square.

1. Answer :

Let D, E and F be the mid points of the sides AB, BC and CA of ΔABC.

D(x1, y1) = (2, 4)

E(x2, y2) = (-2, 3)

F(x3, y3= (5, 2)

The vertices of ΔABC can be found as shown below.

A(x+ x- x2, y+ y- y2)

B(x+ x- x3, y+ y2 - y3)

C(x+ x- x1, y+ y3 - y1)

Vertex A :

A(x+ x- x2, y+ y- y2)

A(2 + 5 + 2, 4 + 2 - 3)

A(9, 3)

Vertex B :

B(x+ x- x3, y+ y2 - y3)

B(2 - 2 - 5, 4 + 3 - 2)

B(-5, 5)

Vertex C :

C(x+ x- x1, y+ y3 - y1)

C(-2 + 5 - 2, 3 + 2 - 4)

C(1, 1)

2. Answer :

The perpendicular drawn from the center of a circle to a chord will always intersect at the mid point of the chord.

Since OD is the perpendicular from the center to the chord AB, D is the mid point of the chord AB. 

Point D : 

Formula to find the mid point :

= ((x1 + x2)/2, (y1 + y2)/2)

Substitute (x1, y1) = A(8, 6) and (x2, y2) = B(10, 0).

= ((8 + 10)/2, (6 + 0)/2)

= (18/2, 6/2)

= D(9, 3)

Mid point of OD :

= ((x1 + x2)/2, (y1 + y2)/2)

Substitute (x1, y1) = O(0, 0) and (x2, y2) = D(9, 3).

= ((0 + 9)/2, (3 + 0)/2)

= (9/2, 3/2)

3. Answer :

Mid point of AC :

= ((x1 + x2)/2, (y1 + y2)/2)

Substitute (x1, y1) = A(-5, 4) and (x2, y2) = C(5, 2).

= ((-5 + 5)/2, (4 + 2)/2)

= (0, 6/2)

= (0, 3)

Mid point of BD :

= ((x1 + x2)/2, (y1 + y2)/2)

Substitute (x1, y1) = B(-1, -2) and (x2, y2) = D(a, b).

= ((-1 + a)/2, (-2 + b)/2)

Since ABCD is a square, the diagonals AC and BD will bisect each other. Mid point of AC and mid point of BD are equal. 

((-1 + a)/2, (-2 + b)/2) = (0, 3)

If two points are equal, then the x coordinates and y coordinates must be equal. 

(-1 + a)/2 = 0

-1 + a = 0

a = 1

(-2 + b)/2 = 3

-2 + b = 6

b = 8

The coordinates of D : (1, 8).

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