INTEGRATION AS LIMIT OF SUM EXAMPLES

Divide the interval [a,b] into n equal subintervals

[x0, x1], [x1, x2].................,[xn-2, xn-1], [xn-1, xn]

such that a = x0 < x1 < x< .............< xn-1< xn < b.

Evaluate the following integrals as the limits of sums:

Problem 1 :

Integral 0 to 1 (5x+4) dx

Solution :

f(x) = (5x+4), a = 0 and b = 1

f(a+(b-a)(r/n)) = f(0+(1-0)(r/n))

= f(r/n)

By applying the limit 

= (5/2) lim n-> (1+1/n)

= (5/2)(1+0)

= 5/2

Problem 2 :

Integral 1 to 2 (4x2-1) dx

Solution :

f(x) = (5x+4), a = 1 and b = 2

f(a+(b-a)(r/n)) = f(1+(2-1)(r/n))

= f(1+r/n)

f(1+(r/n)) = (4(1+(r/n))2-1) 

 = 4(1+r2/n+2r/n) - 1

= 3+4r2/n+8r/n

By applying the limits,

= 3+(2/3)(2) + 4

= 3+4/3 + 4

= 7+(4/3)

= (21+4)/3

= 25/3

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