# INEQUALITIES INVOLVING ABSOLUTE VALUE

Case 1 :

Inequality in the form |x - a| < r.

We can write the given absolute value inequality into two branches as shown below.

 x - a  <  rx  <  a + r x - a  >  - rx  >  a - r

Combine the above two inequalities.

(a - r) < x < (a + r)

So, the solution to |x - a|  <  r is

(a-r, a+r)

Case 2 :

Inequality in the form |x - a| > r.

We can write the given absolute value inequality into two branches as shown below.

 x - a  >  rx  >  a + r x - a  <  - rx  <  a - r

We can cannot combine the above two inequalities.

So, the solution to |x - a| > r is

(-∞, a - r) U (a +  r, ∞)

Case 3 :

Inequality in the form |x - a|  r.

We can write the given absolute value inequality into two branches as shown below.

 x - a  ≤  rx  ≤  a + r x - a  ≥  - rx  ≥  a - r

Combine the above two inequalities.

(a - r) ≤ x ≤ (a + r)

So, the solution to |x - a|  r is

[a-r, a+r]

Case 4 :

Inequality in the form |x - a|  r.

We can write the given absolute value inequality into two branches as shown below.

 x - a  ≥  rx  ≥  a + r x - a  ≤  - rx  ≤  a - r

We can cannot combine the above two inequalities.

So, the solution to |x - a|  r is

(-∞, a - r] U [a +  r, ∞)

Case 5 :

Inequality in the form |x - a| > - r.

Here, the solution is all real numbers.

Because, the absolute value of any number will be positive and also it is greater than a negative value.

Case 6 :

Inequality in the form :

|x - a| < - r

or

|x - a| ≤ - r

Here, there is no solution.

Because, the absolute value of any number will be positive and it can never be less than or equal to a negative value.

## Solved Questions

Question 1 :

Solve for x :

|3 - x|  <  7

Solution :

|3 - x|  <  7

We can write the above absolute value inequality into two branches as shown below.

 3 - x  <  7- x  <  4x  >  -4 3 - x  >  -7-x  >  -10x  <  10

Combine the above two inequalities.

-4  <  x  <  10

So, the solution is

(-4,  10)

Question 2 :

Solve for x :

|4x - 5|  >  -2

Solution :

|4x - 5|  >  -2

Here, the solution is all real numbers.

Because absolute value of any number will be positive and also it is greater than a negative value.

Question 3 :

Solve for x :

|3 - (3x/4)|    1/4

Solution :

|3 - (3x/4)|    1/4

We can write the above absolute value inequality into two branches as shown below.

 3 - (3x/4)  ≤  1/4 -3x/4  ≤  -11/43x/4  ≥  11/43x  ≥  11x  ≥  11/3 3 - (3x/4)  ≥  -1/4-3x/4  ≥  -13/43x/4  ≤  13/43x  ≤  13x  ≤  13/3

Combine the above two inequalities.

11/3  ≤  x  ≤  13/3

So, the solution is

[11/3,  13/3]

Question 4 :

Solve for x :

|x| - 10  <  -3

Solution :

|x| - 10  <  -3

|x|  <  7

We can write the above absolute value inequality into two branches as shown below.

 x  >  7 x  <  -7

Combine the above two inequalities.

-7  <  x  <  7

So, the solution is

(-7,  7)

Question 5 :

Solve (1/|2x - 1|) < 6 and express the solution using interval notation.

Solution :

(1/|2x - 1|)  <  6

Multiply each side by |2x - 1|.

1  <  6|2x - 1|

Divide each side by 6.

1/6  <  |2x - 1|

|2x - 1|  >  1/6

We can write the above absolute value inequality into two branches as shown below.

 2x - 1  >  1/612x - 6  >  112x  >  7x  >  7/12 2x - 1  <  -1/612x - 6  <  -112x  <  5x  <  5/12

We can not combine the above two inequalities.

So, the solution is

(-∞, 5/12) U (7/12, ∞)

Question 6 :

Solve −3|x| + 5 ≤ −2 and graph the solution set in a number line

Solution :

-3|x| + 5  ≤  -2

Subtract 5 from each side.

-3|x|  ≤  -7

Divide each side by (-3).

|x|    7/3

We can write the above absolute value inequality into two branches as shown below.

 x  ≥  7/3 x  ≤  -7/3

We can not combine the above two inequalities.

So, the solution is

(-∞, -7/3] U [7/3, ∞)

Question 7 :

Solve 2|x + 1| - 6 ≤ 7 and graph the solution set in a number line.

Solution :

2|x + 1| - 6  ≤  7

2|x + 1|  ≤  13

Divide each side by 2.

|x + 1|  ≤  13/2

 x + 1  ≤  13/2x  ≤  11/2 x + 1  ≥  -13/2x  ≥  -15/2

Combine the above two inequalities.

-15/2    x    11/2

So, the solution is

[-15/2,  11/2]

Question 8 :

Solve (1/5) |10x − 2|  <  1.

Solution :

(1/5) |10x − 2|  <  1

Multiply each side by 5.

|10x - 2|  <  5

 10x - 2  <  510x  <  7x  <  7/10 10x - 2  >  -510x  >  -3x  >  -3/10

Combine the above two inequalities.

-3/10  <  x  <  7/10

So, the solution is

(-3/10,  7/10)

Question 9 :

Solve for x :

|5x - 12| < -2

Solution :

Here, there is no solution.

Because, absolute value of any number will be positive and it can never be less than or equal to a negative value.

Question 10 :

Solve for x :

|x| < 0

Solution :

Here, there is no solution.

Because, absolute value of any number will be positive and it can never be a negative value.

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