A centroid of a triangle is the point where the three medians of the triangle meet. A median of a triangle is a line segment from one vertex to the mid point on the opposite side of the triangle.

The centroid G of the triangle with vertices A(x_{1}, y_{1}), B(x_{2} , y_{2} ) and C(x_{3} , y_{3}) is

Let us look at some examples to understand how to find the missing vertex of a triangle when centroid is given

**Example 1 :**

Find the missing vertex of triangle whose two of the vertices are (0, 0), (-8, 0) and centroid is (-5, -2).

**Solution :**

Centroid of a triangle = (x_{1 }+ x_{2 }+ x_{3})/3, (y_{1 }+ y_{2 }+ y_{3})/3

Let the required vertex be C (a, b)

A(0, 0) B(-8, 0) and C (a, b)

x_{1 } = 0, x_{2} = -8, x_{3} = a

y_{1 } = 0, y_{2} = 0, y_{3} = b

(0 - 8 + a)/3 , (0 + 0 + b)/3 = (-5, -2)

(-8 + a)/3 , b/3 = (-5, -2)

Equating the x and y coordinates, we get

(-8 + a)/3 = -5 -8 + a = -15 a = -15 + 8 a = -7 |
b/3 = -2 b = -6 |

So the required vertex be (-7, -6).

**Example 2 :**

The centroid of a triangle ABC is (1, 1). Two of the vertices are A (3, -4), B (-4, 7). Find the coordinates of the third vertex.

**Solution :**

Centroid of a triangle = (x_{1 }+ x_{2 }+ x_{3})/3, (y_{1 }+ y_{2 }+ y_{3})/3

Let the required vertex be C (a, b)

A (3, -4), B (-4, 7) and C (a, b)

x_{1 } = 3, x_{2} = -4, x_{3} = a

y_{1 } = -4, y_{2} = 7, y_{3} = b

(3 - 4 + a)/3 , (-4 + 7 + b)/3 = (1, 1)

(-1 + a)/3 , b/3 = (1, 1)

Equating the x and y coordinates, we get

(-1 + a)/3 = 1 -1 + a = 3 a = 3 + 1 a = 4 |
b/3 = 1 b = 3 |

Hence the required vertex is (4, 3).

Apart from the stuff given in this section, if you need any other stuff in math, please use our google custom search here.

HTML Comment Box is loading comments...

You can also visit our following web pages on different stuff in math.

**WORD PROBLEMS**

**Word problems on simple equations **

**Word problems on linear equations **

**Word problems on quadratic equations**

**Area and perimeter word problems**

**Word problems on direct variation and inverse variation **

**Word problems on comparing rates**

**Converting customary units word problems **

**Converting metric units word problems**

**Word problems on simple interest**

**Word problems on compound interest**

**Word problems on types of angles **

**Complementary and supplementary angles word problems**

**Trigonometry word problems**

**Markup and markdown word problems **

**Word problems on mixed fractrions**

**One step equation word problems**

**Linear inequalities word problems**

**Ratio and proportion word problems**

**Word problems on sets and venn diagrams**

**Pythagorean theorem word problems**

**Percent of a number word problems**

**Word problems on constant speed**

**Word problems on average speed **

**Word problems on sum of the angles of a triangle is 180 degree**

**OTHER TOPICS **

**Time, speed and distance shortcuts**

**Ratio and proportion shortcuts**

**Domain and range of rational functions**

**Domain and range of rational functions with holes**

**Graphing rational functions with holes**

**Converting repeating decimals in to fractions**

**Decimal representation of rational numbers**

**Finding square root using long division**

**L.C.M method to solve time and work problems**

**Translating the word problems in to algebraic expressions**

**Remainder when 2 power 256 is divided by 17**

**Remainder when 17 power 23 is divided by 16**

**Sum of all three digit numbers divisible by 6**

**Sum of all three digit numbers divisible by 7**

**Sum of all three digit numbers divisible by 8**

**Sum of all three digit numbers formed using 1, 3, 4**

**Sum of all three four digit numbers formed with non zero digits**