# HOW TO FIND POINTS OF DISCONTINUITY FOR A PIECEWISE FUNCTION

Example 1 :

Find the points of discontinuity of the function f, where

Solution :

For the values of x greater than 3, we have to select the function 4x + 5.

lim x->3- f(x)  =  lim x->3- 4x + 5

=  4(3) + 5

=  12 + 5

=  17  -------(1)

For the values of x lesser than 3, we have to select the function 4x - 5.

lim x->3+ f(x)  =  lim x->3+ 4x - 5

=  4(3) - 5

=  12 - 5

=  7  -------(2)

lim x->3- f(x) ≠ lim x->3+ f(x)

So, the given piece-wise function is not continuous at

x  =  3

Example 2 :

Find the points of discontinuity of the function f, where

Solution :

For the values of x greater than 2, we have to select the function x + 2.

lim x->2- f(x)  =  lim x->2- x + 2

=  2 + 2

=  4  -------(1)

For the values of x lesser than 2, we have to select the function x2.

lim x->2+ f(x)  =  lim x->2+ x2

=  22

=  4-------(2)

lim x->2- f(x) =  lim x->2+ f(x)

The function is continuous at x = 2.

So, the given piece-wise function is continuous for all real values of x.

That is,

∈ R

Example 3 :

Find the points of discontinuity of the function f, where

Solution :

For the values of x greater than 2, we have to select the function x2 + 1

lim x->2- f(x)  =  lim x->2- x2 + 1

=   22 + 1

=  5  -------(1)

For the values of x lesser than 2, we have to select the function x3 - 3.

lim x->2+ f(x)  =  lim x->2+ x- 3

=  2- 3

=  8 - 3

=  5-------(2)

lim x->2- f(x) =  lim x->2+ f(x)

The function is continuous at x  =  2.

So, the given piece-wise function is continuous for all real values of x.

That is,

∈ R

Example 4 :

Find the points of discontinuity of the function f, where

Solution :

Here we are going to check the continuity between 0 and π/2.

For the values of x lesser than or equal to π/4, we have to choose the function sin x.

lim x->π/4- f(x)  =  lim x->π/4- sin x

=  sin (π/4)

=  1/√2

For the values of x greater than π/4, we have to choose the function cos x .

lim x->π/4+ f(x)  =  lim x->π/4+ cos x

=  cos (π/4)

=  1/√2

The function is continuous for all x ∈ [0, π/2).

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