Question 1 :
Which of the following are sets?
(i) The Collection of prime numbers upto 100.
Solution :
The above statement is well defined, the set will contain 2, 3, 5, 7, ..........97.
Hence it is a set.
(ii) The Collection of rich people in India.
Solution :
The set is not well defined. Hence it is not a set.
(iii) The Collection of all rivers in India.
Solution :
The statement is well defined. Hence it is a set.
(iv) The Collection of good Hockey players.
Solution :
The statement is not well defined. Hence it is not a set.
Question 2 :
List the set of letters of the following words in Roster form.
(i) INDIA (ii) PARALLELOGRAM
(iii) MISSISSIPPI (iv) CZECHOSLOVAKIA
Solution :
Now we have to write the letters of the given word. If we have repeated letters, then we have to write it once.
(i) INDIA
A = {I, N, D, A}
(ii) PARALLELOGRAM
B = {P, A, R, L, E, O, G, M}
(iii) MISSISSIPPI
C = {M, I, S, P}
(iv) CZECHOSLOVAKIA
D = {C, Z, E, H, O, S, L, V, A, K, I}
Question 3 :
Consider the following sets A = {0, 3, 5, 8}, B = {2, 4, 6, 10} and C = {12, 14,18, 20}.
(a) State whether True or False:
(i) 18 ∈ C (ii) 6 ∉ A (iii) 14 ∉ C (iv) 10 ∈ B
(v) 5 ∉ B (vi) 0 ∉ B
Solution :
(i) 18 ∈ C
18 is the element of set C, hence it is true.
(ii) 6 ∉ A
The set A does not contain the element 6, hence it is true.
(iii) 14 ∉ C
14 is the element of set C, hence the statement is false.
(iv) 10 ∈ B
10 is the element of set B, hence the statement is true.
(b) Fill in the blanks:
(i) 3 ∈ ____ (ii) 14 ∈ _____ (iii) 18 ____ B (iv) 4 _____ B
Solution :
3 is the element of set A, so 3 ∈ A.
14 is the element of set C, so 14 ∈ C.
18 is the element of set C, so 18 ∈ C.
4 is the element of set B, so 4 ∈ B.
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