**Finding the perimeter and area of a rectangle :**

**Perimeter : **

Perimeter is a path that surrounds a rectangle. The term may be used either for the path or its length it can be thought of as the length of the outline of the rectangle.

**Area : **

Area of a rectangle is defined as the space occupied by the rectangle shaped object on a flat surface. The area of a shape can be measured by comparing the shape to squares of a fixed size.

The measurements of perimeter use units such as centimeters, meters, kilometers, inches, feet, yards, and miles. The measurements of area use units such as square centimeters (cm²), square meters(m²), and so on.

**Example 1 : **

Find the perimeter and area of a rectangle of length 12 inches and width 5 inches.

**Solution :**

Draw a rectangle and label the length and width.

Perimeter = 2l + 2w Perimeter = 2(12) + 2(5) Perimeter = 24 + 10 Perimeter = 34 |
Area = lw Area = 12⋅5 Area = 60 |

So, the perimeter is 34 inches and the area is 60 square inches.

**Example 2 : **

The area of a rectangle is 56 square inches. If the length is 8 inches, find the width of the rectangle.

**Solution :**

Given : Area of the rectangle = 56 sq. in

lw = 56

Substitute l = 8

8w = 56

Divide both sides by 8.

w = 7

Hence, the width is 7 inches.

**Example 3 : **

The perimeter of a rectangle is 30 cm. The length is 3 more than twice the width. Find the length and width of the rectangle.

**Solution :**

**Step 1 : **

Let w = x.

Then, l = 2x + 3

**Step 2 : **

Given : Perimeter of the rectangle = 30 cm

2l + 2w = 30

**Step 3 : **

Substitute w = x and l = 2x + 3

2(2x + 3) + 2x = 30

4x + 6 + 2x = 30

6x + 6 = 30

Subtract 6 from both sides.

6x = 24

Divide both sides by 6.

x = 4

Width = x = 4

Length = 2x + 3 = 2(4) + 3 = 11

Hence, the length is 11 cm and width is 4 cm.

**Example 4 : **

The diagonal of a rectangle is 5 cm and one of its sides is 4 cm. Find its area.

**Solution :**

**Step 1 : **

Let us assume that one of the sides given is length.

Then, l = 4 cm.

**Step 2 :**

Draw a rectangle and label the diagonal and length.

**Step 3 : **

To find area of a rectangle, we need the measures of length and width. We know the length and it is 4 cm. We have to find the width.

**Step 4 : **

In the rectangle above, let us consider the right triangle ABC and apply Pythagorean theorem.

AB² + BC² = AC²

Substitute BC = 4 and AC = 6

w² + 4² = 5²

w² + 16 = 25

Subtract 16 from both the sides.

w² = 9

w² = 3²

Remove the exponent 2 on both sides.

w = 3 cm.

**Step 5 :**

Area of the rectangle = lw

Area of the rectangle = 4⋅3

Area of the rectangle = 12 square cm.

After having gone through the stuff given above, we hope that the students would have understood "Finding the perimeter and area of a rectangle".

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