FIND EQUATION OF THE LINE PASSING THROUGH TWO POINTS

Equation of a line using two points on the line :

(y - y1)/(y- y1) = (x - x1)/(x- x1)

Here (x1, y1) and (x2, y2) are the points on the line.

Example 1 :

Find the equation of the straight line passing through the points

(i) (-2, 5) and (3, 6)

(ii) (0, -6) and (-8, 2)

Solution :

To find equation of the line passes through two points, we use the formula given below.

(y - y1)/(y- y1) = (x - x1)/(x- x1)

(y - 5)/(6 - 5) = (x - (-2))/(3 - (-2))

(y - 5)/(1) = (x + 2)/(3 + 2)

(y - 5) = (x + 2)/5

5y - 25 = x + 2

x -  5y + 25 + 2 = 0

x - 5y + 27 = 0

(ii)  (0, -6) and (-8, 2)

(y - y1)/(y- y1) = (x - x1)/(x2   -x1)

(y - (-6))/(2 - (-6)) = (x - 0)/(-8 - 0)

(y + 6)/(2 + 6) = -x/8

(y + 6)/8 = -x/8

y + 6 = -x

x + y + 6 = 0

Example 3 :

Find the equation of the median from the vertex R in a triangle PQR with vertices at

P (1, -3), Q (-2, 5) and R (-3, 4)

Solution :

First let us draw a rough diagram for the given information.

The median drawn from one vertex of the triangle will pass through the midpoint.

To find equation of the median from the vertex R, first we have to find the midpoint of the side PQ.

Midpoint = (x+ x2)/2, (y+ y2)/2

= (1 - 2)/2, (-3 + 5)/2

= -1/2, 2/2

=  S(-1/2, 1)

Now we can use two point form to find equation of the median RS.

R(-3, 4) and S(-1/2 , 1)

(y - y1)/(y- y1) = (x - x1)/(x- x1)

(y - 4)/(1 - 4) = (x - (-1/2))/((-1/2) - (-3))

(y - 4)/(-3) = (x + (1/2))/(5/2)

(y - 4)/(-3) = (2/5)[(2x + 1)/2]

5(y - 4) = -3(2x + 1)

5y - 20 = -6x - 3

6x + 5y - 20 + 3 = 0

6x + 5y - 17 = 0

Kindly mail your feedback to v4formath@gmail.com

We always appreciate your feedback.

©All rights reserved. onlinemath4all.com

Recent Articles

  1. Power Rule of Logarithms

    Oct 04, 22 11:07 PM

    Power Rule of Logarithms - Concept - Solved Problems

    Read More

  2. Product Rule of Logarithms

    Oct 04, 22 11:07 PM

    Product Rule of Logarithms - Concept - Solved Problems

    Read More

  3. Quotient Rule of Logarithms

    Oct 04, 22 11:06 PM

    Quotient Rule of Logarithms - Concept - Solved Problems

    Read More