CONSTRUCTION OF INCENTER OF A TRIANGLE

About "Construction of incenter of a triangle"

Construction of incenter of a triangle :

Even though students know what is incenter, many students do not know, how to construct incenter.

Here we are going to see construction of incenter.

Key Concept - Incenter

The point of concurrency of the internal angle bisectors of a triangle is called the incenter of the triangle and is denoted by I.

Steps of construction of incenter

To construct a incenter, we must need the following instruments.

1. Ruler

2. Compass

Let us see, how to construct incenter through the following example.

Construct the incenter of the triangle ABC with AB = 7 cm, <B = 50° and BC = 6 cm.

Step 1 :

Draw triangle ABC with the given measurements.

Step 2 :

Construct the angle bisectors of any two angles (A and B) and let them meet at I.

In the above figure,  I is the incenter of triangle ABC

From the steps of construction of incenter, first we have to know, how to construct angle bisector.

So, let us see, how to construct angle bisector bisector.

Construction of angle bisector

To construct an angle bisector, you must need the following instruments.

1. Ruler

2. Compass

3. Protractor

The steps for the construction of an angle bisector are.

Step 1 :

Construct an angle of given measure at O using protractor.

Step 2 :

With ‘O ’ as center draw an arc of any radius to cut the rays of the angle at A and B.

Step 3 :

With ‘A’ as center draw an arc of radius more than half of AB, in the interior of the given angle.

Step 4 :

With ‘B’ as center draw an arc of same radius to cut the previous arc at ‘C’.

Step 5 :

Join OC.

OC is the angle bisector of the given angle.

This construction clearly shows how to draw the angle bisector of a given angle with compass and straightedge or ruler. The angle bisector divides the given angle into two equal parts.

For example, if we draw angle bisector for the angle 60°, the angle bisector will divide 60° in to two equal parts and each part will measure 30°.

Key Concept - Angle bisector

The angle bisector of a given angle is the line of symmetry which divides the angle into two equal parts.

Construction of angle bisector - Practice question

Construct <AOB = 80° and draw its angle bisector.

Step 1 :

Construct <AOB = 80° angle at the point ‘O’ using protractor

Step 2 :

With ‘O’ as center draw an arc of any radius to cut the rays OA and OB at the points X and Y respectively.

Step 3 :

With ‘X’ as center draw an arc of radius more than half of XY in the interior of the angle.

Step 4 :

With ‘Y’ as center draw an arc of the same radius to cut the previous arc at C. Join OC.

Using the steps explained above, in the above figure, angle bisector is drawn at O.

OC is the angle bisector of the given angle 80°.

Hence, OC divides the angle 80° in to two equal parts and each part measures 40°.

After having gone through the stuff given above, we hope that the students would have understood "Construction of incenter of a triangle"

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