# CONSTANT OF PROPORTIONALITY

The value of the constant of proportionality is depending on the type of proportion we have between the two quantities.

There are two types of proportion:

1. Direct proportion

2. Inverse proportion

## Direct Proportion

If y is directly proportional to x, then we have where k is the constant of proportionality.

## Inverse Proportion

If y is inversely proportional to x, then we have where k is the constant of proportionality.

## Identifying Proportional Relationships

If two different quantities are given, how to check whether the relationship between them is proportional ?

We have to get ratio of the two quantities for all the given values.

If all the ratios are equal, then the relationship is proportional.

If all the ratios are not equal, then the relationship is not proportional.

## Identifying Proportional Relationships - Examples

Example 1 :

Examine the given table and determine if the relationship is proportional. If yes, determine the constant of proportionality. Solution :

Let us get the ratio of x and y for all the given values.

4 / 48  =  1 / 12

7 / 84  =  1 / 12

10 / 120  =  1 / 12

When we take ratio of x and y for all the given values, we get equal value for all the ratios.

Therefore the relationship given in the table is proportional.

When we look at the above table when x gets increased, y also gets increased, so it is direct proportion.

Then, we have

y  =  kx

Substitute 4 for x and 48 for y.

48  =  k(4)

12  =  k

So, the constant of proportionality is 12.

Example 2 :

Examine the given table and determine if the relationship is proportional. If yes, determine the constant of proportionality. Solution :

Let us get the ratio of x and y for all the given values.

1 / 100  =  1 / 100

3 / 300  =  1 / 100

5 / 550  =  1 / 110

6 / 600  =  1 / 100

When we take ratio of x and y for all the given values, we don't get equal value for all the ratios.

So, the relationship given in the table is not proportional.

Example 3 :

Examine the given table and determine if the relationship is proportional. If yes, determine the constant of proportionality. Solution :

Find the ratio of x and y for all the given values.

2 / 1  =  2

4 / 2  =  2

8 / 4  =  2

10 / 5  =  2

When we take ratio of x and y for all the given values, we get equal value for all the ratios.

Therefore, the relationship given in the table is proportional.

When we look at the above table when x gets increased, y also gets increased, so it is direct proportion.

Then, we have

y  =  kx

Substitute 2 for x and 1 for y.

1  =  k(2)

1 / 2  =  k

So, the constant of proportionality is 1/2.

Example 4 :

Examine the given table and determine if the relationship is proportional. If yes, determine the constant of proportionality. Solution :

Find the ratio of x and y for all the given values.

1 / 2  =  1 / 2

2 / 4  =  1 / 2

3 / 6  =  1 / 2

4 / 6  =  2 / 3

When we take ratio of x and y for all the given values, we don't get equal value for all the ratios.

So, the relationship given in the table is not proportional.

Example 5 :

Examine the given table and determine if the relationship is proportional. If yes, determine the constant of proportionality. Solution :

Find the ratio of x and y for all the given values.

1 / 23  =  1 / 23

2 / 36  =  1 / 18

5 / 75  =  1 / 15

When we take ratio of x and y for all the given values, we don't get equal value for all the ratios.

So, the relationship given in the table is not proportional.

Example 6 :

Examine the given table and determine if the relationship is proportional. If yes, determine the constant of proportionality. Solution :

Find the ratio of x and y for all the given values.

2 / 4  =  1 / 2

4 / 8  =  1 / 2

6 / 12  =  1 / 2

8 / 16  =  1 / 2

When we take ratio of x and y for all the given values, we get equal value for all the ratios.

Therefore the relationship given in the table is proportional.

When we look at the above table when x gets increased, y also gets increased, so it is direct proportion.

Then, we have

y  =  kx

Substitute 2 for x and 4 for y.

4  =  k(2)

2  =  k

So, the constant of proportionality is 2. Apart from the stuff given in this section, if you need any other stuff in math, please use our google custom search here.

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