BISECTORS OF A TRIANGLE WORKSHEET

About "Bisectors of a triangle worksheet"

Bisectors of a Triangle Worksheet :

Worksheet given in this section is much useful to the students who would like to practice problems on bisectors of a triangle.

Bisectors of a Triangle Worksheet - Problems

Problem 1 :

Construct a perpendicular bisector to a line segment.

Problem 2 :

Construct the circumcenter of the triangle ABC with AB = 5 cm, A = 70° and B =  70°.

Problem 3 :

A company plans to build a distribution center that is convenient to three of its major clients as shown in the diagram below. The planners start by roughly locating the three clients on a sketch and finding the circumcenter of the triangle formed.

(i) Explain why using the circumcenter as the location of a distribution center would be convenient for all the clients.

(ii) Make a sketch of the triangle formed by the clients. Locate the circumcenter of the triangle. Tell what segments are congruent.

Problem 4 :

In the diagram shown below, the angle bisectors of ΔMNP meet at point L. (i) What segments are congruent ?

(ii) Find LQ and LR Bisectors of a Triangle Worksheet - Problems

Problem 1 :

Construct a perpendicular bisector to a line segment.

Solution :

Step 1 :

Draw the line segment AB. Step 2 :

With the two end points A and B of the line segment as centers and more than half the length of the line segment as radius draw arcs to intersect on both sides of the line segment at C and D. Step 3 :

Join C and D to get the perpendicular bisector of the given line segment AB. In the diagram above, CD is the perpendicular bisector of the line segment AB.

Problem 2 :

Construct the circumcenter of the triangle ABC with AB = 5 cm, A = 70° and B =  70°.

Solution :

Step 1 :

Draw triangle ABC with the given measurements. Step 2 :

Construct the perpendicular bisectors of any two sides (AC and BC) and let them meet at S which is the circumcentre. Problem 3 :

A company plans to build a distribution center that is convenient to three of its major clients as shown in the diagram below. The planners start by roughly locating the three clients on a sketch and finding the circumcenter of the triangle formed.

(i) Explain why using the circumcenter as the location of a distribution center would be convenient for all the clients.

(ii) Make a sketch of the triangle formed by the clients. Locate the circumcenter of the triangle. Tell what segments are congruent.

Solution (i) :

Because the circumcenter is equidistant from the three vertices, each client would be equally close to the distribution center.

Solution (ii) :

Label the vertices of the triangle as E, F, and G. Draw the perpendicular bisectors. Label their intersection as D By theorem 1 given above, in a triangle, the perpendicular bisectors intersect at a point that is equidistant from the vertices of the triangle.

So,

DE  =  DF  =  DG

Problem 4 :

In the diagram shown below, the angle bisectors of ΔMNP meet at point L. (i) What segments are congruent ?

(ii) Find LQ and LR

Solution (i) :

By theorem "Concurrency of Angle Bisectors of a Triangle", the three angle bisectors of a triangle intersect at a point that is equidistant from the sides of the triangle.

So, we have

LR  ≅  LQ  ≅  LS

Solution (ii) :

By theorem "Concurrency of Angle Bisectors of a Triangle", the three angle bisectors of a triangle intersect at a point that is equidistant from the sides of the triangle.

Use the Pythagorean Theorem to find LQ in ΔLQM.

(LQ)2 + (MQ)2  =  (LM)2

Substitute MQ = 15 and LM = 17.

(LQ)2 + (15)2  =  (17)2

Simplify.

(LQ)2 + 225  =  289

Subtract 225 from both sides.

(LQ)2  =  64

(LQ)2  =  82

LQ  =  8 units

Because LR  ≅  LQ,

LR  =  8 units After having gone through the stuff given above, we hope that the students would have understood "Bisectors of a triangle worksheet"

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