Area of Triangles and Quadrilaterals :

In this section, we are going to learn, how to find area of a triangle and a quadrilateral.

The following postulates can be used to prove several area theorems.

Area Postulates

Area of a Square Postulate :

The area of a square is the square of the length of its side, or A  =  s2.

Area Congruence Postulate :

If two polygons are congruent, then they have the same area.

The area of a region is the sum of the areas of its non overlapping parts.

Area Theorems

Theorem 1 (Area of a Rectangle) :

The area of a rectangle is the product of its base and height.

That is,

Area  =  b ⋅ h

Theorem 2 (Area of a Parallelogram) :

The area of a parallelogram is the product of a base and its corresponding height.

That is,

Area  =  b ⋅ h

Theorem 3 (Area of a Triangle) :

The area of a triangle is one half the product of a base and its corresponding height.

That is,

Area  =  1/2 ⋅ ⋅ h

Theorem 4 (Area of a Trapezoid) :

The area of a trapezoid is one half the product of the height and sum of the bases.

That is,

Area  =  1/2 ⋅ h ⋅ (b1 + b2)

Theorem 5 (Area of a Kite) :

The area of a kite is one half the product of the lengths of its diagonals.

That is,

Area  =  1/2 ⋅ d1  d2

Theorem 6 (Area of a Rhombus) :

The area of a rhombus is one half the product of the lengths of its diagonals.

That is,

Area  =  1/2 ⋅ d1  d2

Proof of the Area a Parallelogram

The area of a parallelogram is the area of a rectangle with the same base and height.

It has been illustrated in the diagram given below.

Proof of the Area a Triangle

The area of a triangle is half the area of a parallelogram with the same base and height.

It has been illustrated in the diagram given below.

Proof of the Area a Trapezoid

The area of a trapezoid is half the area of the parallelogram with the same height and a base length is equal to sum of the base lengths of the trapezoid.

It has been illustrated in the diagram given below.

Proof of the Area a Kite

The area of a kite is half the area of the rectangle whose  length and width are the lengths of the diagonals of the kite.

It has been illustrated in the diagram given below.

Proof of the Area a Rhombus

The area of a rhombus is half the area of the rectangle whose  length and width are the lengths of the diagonals of the rhombus.

It has been illustrated in the diagram given below.

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