Example 1 :

Find the area of the shaded portion

Solution :

To find the area of shaded portion of given composite figure, first let us draw a line

Area of given figure  =  Area of ABGE + Area of GCFD

Area of ABGE :

Area of rectangle  =  Length ⋅ Width

length BE  =  6 m, width GE  =  2 m

Area of ABGE  =  6(2)  =  12 m2

Area of GCFD :

Area of rectangle  =  Length ⋅ Width

length CD  =  6 m, width FD  =  2 m

Area of GCFD  =  6(2)  =  12 m2

Area of shaded portion  =  12 + 12  =  24 m2

Example 2 :

Find the area of the shaded portion

Solution :

To find the area of shaded portion, we have to subtract area of GEHF from area of rectangle ABCD.

=  Area of rectangle ABCD - Area of square GEHF

Area of ABCD :

Area of rectangle  =  Length ⋅ Width

Length AB  =  20 cm

Width AC  =  16 cm

Area of ABCD  =  20 (16)  =  320 cm2

Area of GEHF :

Area of square (GEHF)  =  side ⋅ side

Length GE  =  6 cm

Area of square GEHF  =  6 ⋅ 6

Area of square (GEHF)  =  36 cm2

Area of shaded region  =  320 - 36  =  284 cm2

Example 3 :

Find the area of the shaded portion

Solution :

To find the area of shaded region, we have to subtract area of semicircle with diameter CB from area of semicircle with diameter AB and add the area of semicircle of diameter AC.

=  Area of AEB - Area of semicircle with diameter BC + area of semicircle with diameter AC

Area of semicircle AEB  =  (1/2) Πr2

=  (1/2)  (22/7)  (14)2

=  (1/2)  (22/7)  14  14

=  22  14

=  308 cm2

Example 4 :

Find the area of the shaded region

Solution :

To find the area of shaded portion, we have to subtract area of semicircles of diameter AB and CD from the area of square ABCD.

=  Area of square ABCD - (Area of semicircle AEB + Area of semicircle DEC)

=  a2 - [ (1/2) Πr2) + ((1/2) Πr2) ]

=  72 - Πr2

=  49 -  (22/7)  (7/2)2

=  49 -  (22/7)  (7/2)  (7/2)

=  49  -  38.5

=  10.5 cm2

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