# AREA OF COMPOUND FIGURES

## About "Area of compound figures"

Area of compound figures :

You can find the areas of polygons by breaking the polygons into smaller shapes. Then we can apply area formulas you already know.

Let us see an example problems to understand this method

## Area of compound figures - Examples

Example 1 :

Find the area of the given polygon Solution :

By drawing a horizontal line (FG)  parallel to the side DC, we have divided the given polygon into two rectangles.

(i) ABFG is a rectangle

(ii) EGDC is also a rectangle Area of ABFG :

Area of rectangle = Length x width

length (AF) = 8 ft and width AB = 5 ft

=  8 x 5 = 40 square feet ---(1)

Area of EGDC :

length (DC) = 7 ft and width DE = 3 ft

=  7 x 3 = 21 square feet ---(2)

(1) + (2)

Area of given polygon

= Area of rectangle ABFG + Area of rectangle EGDC

=  40 + 21 = 61 square feet

Example 2 :

Find the area of the given polygon Solution :

By drawing a horizontal line (DE)  parallel to the side GF, we have divided the given polygon into two rectangles.

(i) ABCE is a rectangle

(ii) DEGF is also a rectangle Area of rectangle ABCE :

Area of rectangle = Length x width

length (AC) = 20 yd and width AB = 15 yd

=  20 x 15 = 300 square yd ---(1)

Area of DEGF :

length (DG) = 13 yd and width GF = 11 yd

=  13 x 11 = 143 square yd ---(2)

(1) + (2)

Area of given polygon

= Area of rectangle ABCE + Area of rectangle DEGF

=  300 + 143 = 443 square yd

Example 3 :

Find the area of the given polygon Solution :

By drawing a horizontal line, we have divided the given shape as two parts. (1) BECF is a rectangle

(2) ABD is triangle

Area of the given polygon

= Area of rectangle BECF + Area of triangle ABD

Area of rectangle BECF :

length CF = 16 cm and width BC = 7 cm

= length x width

=  16 x 7

=  112 cm²  ----(1)

Area of triangle ABD :

Base BD  =  BE - DE  =>  16 - 8 => 8 cm

Height AB = AC - BC => 13 - 7 => 6

Area of triangle ABD = (1/2) x b x h

=  (1/2) x 8 x 6 ==> 24 cm²----(2)

(1) + (2)

Area of the given polygon = 112 + 24 ==> 136 cm²

Example 4 :

Find the area of the given polygon Solution :

By drawing a horizontal line, we have divided the given shape as two rectangles. (1) ABCD is a rectangle

(2) CEFG is rectangle

Area of the given polygon

= Area of rectangle ABCD +  Area of triangle DEFG

Area of rectangle ABCD :

length AB = 20 ft and

width AC = AG - CG => 60- 30 = 30 ft

= length x width

=  20 x 30

=  600 ft²  ----(1)

Area of triangle DEFG :

length GF = 60 ft and

width FE = 30 ft

= length x width

=  60 x 30

=  1800 ft²  ----(1)

(1) + (2)

Area of the given polygon = 600 + 1800 ==> 2400 ft²

Example 5 :

Find the area of the given polygon Solution :

Extend the top edge and the right edge of the polygon.

By subtracting the area of triangle BFB from the rectangle ABCD. We can find the area of the given polygon. Area of the given polygon

= Area of rectangle ABCD - Area of triangle GFB

Area of rectangle ABCD :

length AD = 36 inches and

width AB = 18 inches

= length x width

=  36 x 18

=  648 in²  ----(1)

Area of triangle GFB :

base FG = 9 inches and

Height FB = AB - AF ==> 36 - 18 ==> 18 inches

= (1/2) x base x height

=  (1/2) x 9 x 18

=  81 in²  ----(1)

Area of the given polygon = 648 - 81 = 567  in²

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