AREA AND PERIMETER OF SIMILAR FIGURES

Two figures that have the same shape are said to be similar. When two figures are similar, lengths of their corresponding sides will be in proportional. To determine, if the rectangles below are similar, compare their corresponding sides.

AB : EF  =  AD : EH

4 : 8  =  2 : 4

1 : 2  =  1 : 2

The lengths of their corresponding sides are proportional. So, the above two rectangles are similar. 

Perimeter :

If two similar figures have a scale factor of a : b, then the ratio of their perimeters is a : b.

Area :

If two similar figures have a scale factor of a : b, then the ratio of their areas is a2 : b2.

Note : 

1. If the perimeters of two similar figures are in the ratio

a : b,

then their areas will be in the ratio

a2 : b2

2. If the areas of two similar figures are in the ratio 

a : b,

then their perimeters will be in the ratio

√a : √b

Example 1 :

The two rectangles given below are similar. Find the perimeter of the rectangle EFGH.

Solution :

Because the above rectangles ABCD and EFGH are similar, the lengths of the corresponding sides will be proportional.

AB/EF  =  AD/EH

6/12  =  4/a

1/2  =  4/a

2/1  =  a/4

Multiply each side by 12. 

(2/3) ⋅ 12  =  a

8  =  a

Perimeter of rectangle EFGH is  

=  2(l + w)

=  2(12 + 8)

=  2(20)

=  40

So, the perimeter of the rectangle EFGH is 40 cm. 

Example 2 :

The two parallelograms shown below are similar. Find the perimeter of the parallelogram ABCD. 

Solution :

Because the above parallelograms ABCD and EFGH are similar, the lengths of the corresponding sides will be proportional.

AB/EF  =  AD/EH

b/1  =  7.5/3

b  =  2.5

Perimeter of the parallelogram ABCD is  

=  2(2.5 + 1)

=  2(3.5)

=  7

So, the perimeter of the parallelogram ABCD is 7 cm. 

Example 3 :

The perimeters of two similar triangles is in the ratio 3 : 4. The sum of their areas is 75 cm2. Find the area of each triangle.

Solution :

Given :  Perimeters of two similar triangles is in the ratio

3 : 4

Then,

Perimeter of the 1st Δ  =  3x

Perimeter of the 2nd Δ  =  4x

And also, 

Area of 1st Δ : Area 2nd Δ  =  (3x)2 : (4x)2

Area of 1st Δ : Area 2nd Δ  =  9x2 : 16x2

Given : Sum of the areas is 75 cm2.

Then, 

9x2 + 16x=  75

25x2  =  75

Divide by 25 from each side. 

25x2  =  75

x2  =  3

Area of 1st Δ  =  9(3)  =  27 cm2

Area of 2nd Δ  =  16(3)  =  48 cm2

Example 4 :

The areas of two similar triangles are 45 cm2 and 80 cm2. The sum of their perimeters is 35 cm. Find the perimeter of each triangle. 

Solution :

Ratio between the areas of two triangles is

=  45 : 80

=  9 : 16

Then, the ratio between the perimeters of two triangles is

=  9 : 16

=  3 : 4

So,

Perimeter of 1st Δ  =  3x

Perimeter of 2nd Δ  =  4x

Given : Sum of the perimeters is 35 cm.

Then,

3x + 4x  =  35

7x  =  35

x  =  5

Therefore, 

Perimeter of 1st Δ  =  3x  =  3(5)  =  15 cm

Perimeter of 2nd Δ  =  4x  =  4(5)  =  20 cm

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