Two figures that have the same shape are said to be similar. When two figures are similar, lengths of their corresponding sides will be in proportional. To determine, if the rectangles below are similar, compare their corresponding sides.

AB : EF = AD : EH

4 : 8 = 2 : 4

1 : 2 = 1 : 2

The lengths of their corresponding sides are proportional. So, the above two rectangles are similar.

**Perimeter :**

If two similar figures have a scale factor of a : b, then the ratio of their perimeters is a : b.

**Area :**

If two similar figures have a scale factor of a : b, then the ratio of their areas is a^{2} : b^{2}.

**Note : **

1. If the perimeters of two similar figures are in the ratio

a : b,

then their areas will be in the ratio

a^{2} : b^{2}

2. If the areas of two similar figures are in the ratio

a : b,

then their perimeters will be in the ratio

√a : √b

**Example 1 :**

The two rectangles given below are similar. Find the perimeter of the rectangle EFGH.

**Solution :**

Because the above rectangles ABCD and EFGH are similar, the lengths of the corresponding sides will be proportional.

That is,

AB / EF = AD / EH

6/12 = 4/a

1/2 = 4/a

2/1 = a/4

Multiply each side by 12.

(2/3) ⋅ 12 = a

8 = a

Perimeter of rectangle EFGH is

= 2(l + w)

= 2(12 + 8)

= 2(20)

= 40

So, the perimeter of the rectangle EFGH is 40 cm.

**Example 2 :**

The two parallelograms shown below are similar. Find the perimeter of the parallelogram ABCD.

**Solution :**

Because the above parallelograms ABCD and EFGH are similar, the lengths of the corresponding sides will be proportional.

AB / EF = AD / EH

b/1 = 7.5/3

b = 2.5

Perimeter of the parallelogram ABCD is

= 2(2.5 + 1)

= 2(3.5)

= 7

So, the perimeter of the parallelogram ABCD is 7 cm.

**Example 3 :**

The perimeters of two similar triangles is in the ratio 3 : 4. The sum of their areas is 75 cm^{2}. Find the area of each triangle.

**Solution :**

**Given :** Perimeters of two similar triangles is in the ratio

3 : 4

Then,

Perimeter of the 1^{st }Δ = 3x

Perimeter of the 2^{nd }Δ = 4x

And also,

Area of 1^{st }Δ : Area 2^{nd }Δ = (3x)^{2} : (4x)^{2}

Area of 1^{st }Δ : Area 2^{nd }Δ = 9x^{2} : 16x^{2}

**Given :** Sum of the areas is 75 cm^{2}.

Then,

9x^{2} + 16x^{2 }= 75

25x^{2} = 75

Divide by 25 from each side.

25x^{2} = 75

x^{2} = 3

Area of 1^{st }Δ = 9(3) = 27 cm^{2}

Area of 2^{nd }Δ = 16(3) = 48 cm^{2}

**Example 4 :**

The areas of two similar triangles are 45 cm^{2} and 80 cm^{2}. The sum of their perimeters is 35 cm. Find the perimeter of each triangle.

**Solution : **

Ratio between the areas of two triangles is

= 45 : 80

= 9 : 16

Then, the ratio between the perimeters of two triangles is

= √9 : √16

= 3 : 4

So,

Perimeter of 1^{st }Δ = 3x

Perimeter of 2^{nd }Δ = 4x

**Given :** Sum of the perimeters is 35 cm.

Then,

3x + 4x = 35

7x = 35

x = 5

Therefore,

Perimeter of 1^{st }Δ = 3x = 3(5) = 15 cm

Perimeter of 2^{nd }Δ = 4x = 4(5) = 20 cm

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