# ANGLES AND THEIR MEASUREMENT

## About "Angles and their measurement"

Angles and their measurement :

An angle consists of two different rays that have the same initial point. The rays are the sides of the angles. The initial point is the vertex of the angle. The angle that has sides AB and AC is denoted by ∠BAC,  ∠CAB or ∠A. The point A is the vertex of the angle.

In this section, we are going to study two postulates about the measures of angles.

## Postulate 1 (Protractor Postulate) Consider a point A on one side of OB. The rays of the form OA can be matched one to one with the real numbers from 0 to 180.

The measure of ∠AOB is equal to the absolute value of the difference between the real numbers for OA and OB.

## Postulate 2 (Angle Addition Postulate) If P is in the interior of ∠RST, then we have

m∠RSP + m∠PST  =  m∠RST

## Classifying Angles

Angles are classified as acute, right, obtuse and straight, according to their measures. Angles have measures greater than 0° ## Angles and their measurement - Examples

Example 1 :

Name the angles in the figure given below. Solution :

There are three different angles.

∠PQS or SQP

∠SQR or RQS

∠PQR or RQP

We should name any of the angles as ∠Q, because all three angles have Q as their vertex. The name ∠Q would not distinguish one angle from others.

Example 2 : Each eye of a horse wearing blinkers has an angle of vision that measures 100°. The angle of vision that is seen by both eyes measures 60°.

Find the angle of vision seen by the left eye alone.

Solution :

We can use the angle addition postulate.

m∠2 + m∠3  =  100°    (The total for left eye is 100°)

m∠3  =  100° - m∠2    (Subtract m∠2 from each side)

m∠3  =  100° - 60°    (Substitute 60° for m∠2)

m∠3  =  40°    (Subtract)

Hence, the vision for the left eye alone measures is 40°.

Example 3 :

Plot the points L (-4, 2), M(-1, -1), N (2, 2), Q(4, -1) and P(2, -4). Then, measure and classify the following angles as acute, right, obtuse or straight.

(i) m∠LMN

(ii) mLMP

(iii) mNMQ

(iv) mLMQ

Solution :

Plot the given points in xy coordinate plane. We can use the protractor to measure and classify each angle as shown below.

 MEASURE(i) m∠LMN  =  90°(ii) m∠LMP  =  180°(iii) m∠NMQ  =  45°(iv) m∠LMQ  =  135° CLASSIFICATIONRight angleStraight angleAcute angleObtuse angle

Note :

Two angles are adjacent angles, if they share a common vertex and side, but have no common interior points.

Example 4 :

Use a protractor to draw two adjacent acute angles  ∠RSP and ∠PST so that ∠RST is

(a) Acute

(b)  Obtuse

Solution :

Solution (a) : Solution (b) : After having gone through the stuff given above, we hope that the students would have understood "Angles and their measurement".