# ADD AND SUBTRACT INTEGERS USING COUNTERS

We can use the following colored counters to model the sum of integers with different signs.

When you add a positive integer (yellow counter) and a negative integer (red counter), the result is 0.

1 + (-1)  =  0

One red and one yellow counter form a zero pair.

Example 1 :

Evaluate :

(-4) + (+3)

Solution :

Start with four negative counters to represent -4 and three positive counters to represent +3.

Mark the zero pairs.

In the above figure, if you remove the three zero pairs, the result will be one negative counter.

Therefore,

(-4) + (+3)  =  -1

Example 2 :

Evaluate :

(+5) - (+2)

Solution :

Write the given subtraction as addition.

(+5) - (+ 2)  =  (+ 5) + (-2)

Start with five positive counters to represent +5 and two negative counters to represent -2.

Mark zero pairs.

In the above figure, if you remove two zero pairs, the result will be three positive counters.

Therefore,

(+5) - (+2)  =  +3

Example 3 :

Find the sum of +4 and -7.

Solution :

Start with four positive counters to represent +4 and seven negative counters to represent -7.

Mark zero pairs.

In the above figure, if you remove four zero pairs, the result will be three negative counters.

Therefore,

(+4) + (-7)  =  -3

Example 4 :

Evaluate :

(+4) + (+3)

Solution :

Start with four positive counters to represent +4 and three positive counters to represent +3.

In the above figure, there are seven positive counters.

Therefore,

(+4) + (+3)  =  +7

Example 5 :

Evaluate :

(-5) + (-2)

Solution :

Start with five negative counters to represent -5 and two negative counters to represent -2.

In the above figure, there are seven negative counters.

Therefore,

(-5) + (-2)  =  -7

Example 6 :

Find the sum of +2 and -3.

Solution :

Start with two positive counters to represent +2 and three negative counters to represent -3.

Mark zero pairs.

In the above figure, if you remove two zero pairs, the result will be one negative counter.

Therefore,

(+2) + (-3)  =  -1

Example 7 :

Find the sum of -5 and +2.

Solution :

Start with five negative counters to represent -5 and two positive counters to represent +2.

Mark zero pairs.

In the above figure, if you remove two zero pairs, the result will be three negative counters.

Therefore,

(-5) + (+2)  =  -3.

Apart from the stuff given above, if you need any other stuff in math, please use our google custom search here.

You can also visit the following web pages on different stuff in math.

WORD PROBLEMS

Word problems on simple equations

Word problems on linear equations

Algebra word problems

Word problems on trains

Area and perimeter word problems

Word problems on direct variation and inverse variation

Word problems on unit price

Word problems on unit rate

Word problems on comparing rates

Converting customary units word problems

Converting metric units word problems

Word problems on simple interest

Word problems on compound interest

Word problems on types of angles

Complementary and supplementary angles word problems

Double facts word problems

Trigonometry word problems

Percentage word problems

Profit and loss word problems

Markup and markdown word problems

Decimal word problems

Word problems on fractions

Word problems on mixed fractrions

One step equation word problems

Linear inequalities word problems

Ratio and proportion word problems

Time and work word problems

Word problems on sets and venn diagrams

Word problems on ages

Pythagorean theorem word problems

Percent of a number word problems

Word problems on constant speed

Word problems on average speed

Word problems on sum of the angles of a triangle is 180 degree

OTHER TOPICS

Profit and loss shortcuts

Percentage shortcuts

Times table shortcuts

Time, speed and distance shortcuts

Ratio and proportion shortcuts

Domain and range of rational functions

Domain and range of rational functions with holes

Graphing rational functions

Graphing rational functions with holes

Converting repeating decimals in to fractions

Decimal representation of rational numbers

Finding square root using long division

L.C.M method to solve time and work problems

Translating the word problems in to algebraic expressions

Remainder when 2 power 256 is divided by 17

Remainder when 17 power 23 is divided by 16

Sum of all three digit numbers divisible by 6

Sum of all three digit numbers divisible by 7

Sum of all three digit numbers divisible by 8

Sum of all three digit numbers formed using 1, 3, 4

Sum of all three four digit numbers formed with non zero digits

Sum of all three four digit numbers formed using 0, 1, 2, 3

Sum of all three four digit numbers formed using 1, 2, 5, 6