## 9th GRADE MATH PRACTICE PROBLEMS

Problem 1 :

Simplify √20 - √225 + √80

Solution :

Decompose 20, 225 and 80 into prime factors.

√20  =  √2  2  5  =  2√5

√225  =  √5  5  3  3  =  5  3  =  15

√225  =  √2  2  2  2  5  =  (2  2)√5  =  4√5

Then, we have

20 - 225 + 80  =  2√5 - 15 + 4√5

20 - 225 + 80  =  6√5 - 15

20 - 225 + 80  =  6√5 - 15

20 - 225 + 80  =  3(2√5 - 5)

Problem 2 :

The perimeter of the rhombus is 20 cm. One of the diagonals is of length 8 cm. Find the length of the other diagonal.

Solution :

In a rhombus, the diagonals are intersecting at right angles.

Perimeter of rhombus  =  20 cm

4a  =  20

a  =  5 cm

Length of diagonal  =  8 cm

Half of diagonal  =  4

Let x be the half of the other diagonal.

5 =  42 + x2

25  =  16 + x2

x=  25 - 16

x2  =  9

x  =  3

Length of other diagonal  =  2(3)

=  6 cm

Problem 3 :

Jerry and Silvia wanted to go from the southwest corner of a square field to the northeast corner. Jerry walked due east and then due north to reach the goal, but Silvia headed northeast and reached the goal walking in a straight line. How much shorter Silvia's trip was, compared to Jerry's trip?

Solution :

Let AB  =  1, BC  =  1

Then AC  =  √12 + 12

AC  =  √2

Distance covered by Jerry  =  1 + 1  ==> 2

Distance covered by Silvia  =  √2

Difference of distance covered  =  2 - √2

=  2 - 1.414

=  0.586

=  (0.586/2) ⋅ 100%

=  30%

So Silvia's trip is 30% shorter than the Jerry's trip.

Problem 4 :

Solve log10 (2x + 50)  =  3

Solution :

log10 (2x + 50) = 3

2x + 50  =  103

2x  =  1000-50

2x  =  950

x  =  425

So, the value of x is 425.

Problem 5 :

A set has only one element is called ____________ set

Solution :

A set has only one element is called as singleton set.

Problem 6 :

Which of the following statement represents this Venn diagram?

Solution :

In the given venn diagram, the common region for both A and B is not shaded, then the remaining part of B is shaded. So the correct statement is B-A.

Problem 7:

If (x+p) (x+q) = x2-5x-300, find the value of p² + q²

Solution :

(x+p) (x+q)   =   x2-5x-300

x2+(p+q)x+pq  =  x2-5x-300

p+q  =  -5 and pq  =  -300

p2+q2  =  (p+q)2 - 2pq

=  (-5)2-2(-300)

=  25 + 600

p2+q2  =   625

Problem 8 :

The point of concurrence of the angle bisector of a triangle is called the _____________ of the triangle.

Solution :

The point of concurrence of the angle bisector of a triangle is called the incenter of the triangle.  9

Problem 9 :

The angles are supplementary and larger angle is twice the smaller angle.Find the angles.

Solution :

Let x be the smaller angle

2x  -  larger angle

2x+x  =  180

3x   180

x  =  60

So, the required angles are 60 and 120.

Problem 10 :

Find the distance between the points

A (-15,-3) and B (7, 1)

Solution :

Distance between two points  =  √(7+15)2 + (1+3)2

=  √(-22)2 + 42

=  √(484 + 16)

=  √500

=  10√5

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