**Using percent of change worksheet :**

Worksheet on using percent of change is much useful to the students who would like to practice solving word problems on percents.

1. The grizzly bear population in Yellowstone National Park in 1970 was about 270. Over the next 35 years, it increased by about 115%. What was the population in 2005 ?

2. Mr. David is running a business firm and he made $12000 profit last year. If the profit for this year is 20% less than the last year, find the profit for this year.

3. If an amount of $100 in a savings account increases by 10%, then increases by 10% again, is that the same as increasing by 20% ?

4. A trader marks his goods 20% above the cost price and allows a discount of 10% for cash. Find the profit percentage.

5. A person wants to get 20% profit after selling his object at 20% discount. Find the required percentage increase in marked price.

**Problem 1 : **

The grizzly bear population in Yellowstone National Park in 1970 was about 270. Over the next 35 years, it increased by about 115%. What was the population in 2005 ?

**Solution :**

**Step 1 : **

Find the amount of change.

Find 115% of 270. Write 115% as a decimal.

1.15 × 270 = 310.5

Round to the nearest whole number.

≈ 311

**Step 2 : **

Find the new amount.

New Amount = Original Amount + Amount of Change

Substitute values and add them.

= 270 + 311

= 581

Hence, the population in 2005 was about 581 grizzly bears.

**Problem 2 : **

Mr. David is running a business firm and he made $12000 profit last year. If the profit for this year is 20% less than the last year, find the profit for this year.

**Solution :**

**Step 1 : **

Find the change in profit.

Find 20% of 12000. Write 20% as a decimal.

0.20 × 12000 = 2400

**Step 2 : **

Find the profit for this year .

Since the profit is decreased, we have to subtract the change in profit ($2400) from the profit of the last year ($12000).

Profit for this year is

= Profit for the last year - Change in profit

Substitute values and subtract them.

= 12000 - 2400

= 9600

Hence, the profit for this year is $9600.

**Problem 3 : **

If an amount of $100 in a savings account increases by 10%, then increases by 10% again, is that the same as increasing by 20% ?

**Solution :**

**Case (i) : **Given amount is increased by 10% and again by 10%

Find the amount of change for the first 10%.

Find 10% of 100. Write 10% as a decimal.

0.10 × 100 = 10

New amount after the first increment of 10% is

= Original Amount + Amount of Change

= 100 + 10

= 110

Increased again by 10%.

Find 10% of 110. Write 10% as a decimal

0.10 x 110 = 11

New amount after the second increment of 10% is

= 110 + 11

= 121 -----> (1)

**Case (ii) : **Given amount is increased by 20%.

Find the amount of change.

Find 20% of 100. Write 20% as a decimal.

0.20 × 100 = 20

New amount after the increment of 20% is

= Original Amount + Amount of Change

= 100 + 20

= 120 -----> (2)

**Conclusion :**

From (1) and (2), it is clear that increasing an amount by 10%, then increases by 10% again is not the same as increasing by 20%.

**Problem 4 :**

A trader marks his goods 20% above the cost price and allows a discount of 10% for cash. Find the profit percentage

**Solution :**

Let the cost price be $100.

Then, marked price (M.P) = $120

Let the selling price be "X"

From the above picture, we get

90% of (M.P) = X

(0.9).120 = X

108 = X --------> S.P = 108

Cost price = $100,

Selling Price = $108 ---------> Profit % = 8%

**Problem 5 :**

A person wants to get 20% profit after selling his object at 20% discount. Find the required percentage increase in marked price.

**Solution :**

Let the cost price be $100.

Then, the selling price = $120

Let the marked price be "X"

From the above picture, we get

80% of (M.P) = S.P

(0.8)X = 120

X = 150 --------> M.P = 150

Cost price = $100, Marked Price = $150

Hence, the required percentage increase = 50%

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