# FINDING PROBABILITY USING A TREE DIAGRAM

## About "Finding probability using a tree diagram"

Finding probability using a tree diagram :

We can use a tree diagram to calculate theoretical probabilities of compound events.

The formula given below can be used to find the theoretical probability.

## Finding probability using a tree diagram - Examples

Example 1 :

A deli prepares sandwiches with one type of bread (white or wheat), one type of meat (ham, turkey, or chicken), and one type of cheese (cheddar or Swiss). Each combination is equally likely. Find the probability of choosing a sandwich at random and getting turkey and Swiss on wheat bread.

Solution :

Step 1 :

Make a tree diagram to find the sample space for the compound event.

Step 2 :

Find the number of possible outcomes in the sample space.

From the above tree diagram, number of possible outcomes in the sample space is 12.

Step 3 :

Find the number of possible outcomes for turkey and Swiss on wheat bread.

From the above tree diagram, number of possible outcomes for turkey and Swiss on wheat bread is 1.

Step 3 :

Find the probability of choosing turkey and Swiss on wheat bread at random.

Probability  =  1/12

Example 2 :

A coin is tossed three times. Find the probability of getting 2 heads using tree diagram.

Solution :

Step 1 :

Make a tree diagram to find the sample space for tossing a coin three times.

Step 2 :

Find the number of possible outcomes in the sample space.

From the above tree diagram, number of possible outcomes in the sample space is 8.

More clearly,

S  =  { HHH, HHT, HTH, HTT, THH, THT, TTH, TTT }

Step 3 :

Find the number of possible outcomes for getting 2 heads.

From the above tree diagram, let us list out the outcomes in which we have two heads.

{ HHT, HTH, THH }

So, the number of possible outcomes in which have two heads  =  3.

Step 4 :

Find the probability of getting 2 heads.

Probability  =  3/8

After having gone through the stuff given above, we hope that the students would have understood "How to find probability using a tree diagram".

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