DESCRIPTIVE FORM OF SET WORKSHEET

About "Descriptive form of set worksheet"

Descriptive form of set worksheet :

Descriptive form of set worksheet is much useful to the students who woulds like to practice problems on set theory. 

Descriptive form of set worksheet - Problems

Write the following sets in Descriptive form

(i)  A  =  {a, e, i, o, u}

(ii)  B  =  {1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11}

(iii)  C  =  {1, 4, 9, 16, 25}

(iv)  P  =  {x : x is a letter in the word ‘set theory’}

(v)  Q  =  {x : x is a prime number between 10 and 20} 

Descriptive form of set worksheet - Answers

(i)  A is the set of all vowels in the English alphabet

(ii)  B is the set of all odd natural numbers less than or equal to 11

(iii)  C is the set of all square numbers less than 26.

(iv)  P is the set of all letters in the word ‘set theory’

(v)  Q is the set of all prime numbers between 10 and 20

To understand and solve the problems given in the above worksheet, we have to know the stuff "Representation of a set". 

Now, let us look at the stuff "Representation of a set".

Representation of a set

Set can be represented in any one of the following three ways or forms.

(i)  Descriptive form

(ii)  Set-builder form or Rule form

(iii)  Roster form or Tabular form

Let us discuss the above different forms representation of a set in detail. 

Descriptive form

One way to specify a set is to give a verbal description of its elements.

This is known as the descriptive form of specification.

The description must allow a concise determination of which elements belong to the set and which elements do not.

For example, 

(i) The set of all natural numbers.

(ii) The set of all prime numbers less than 100.

(iii) The set of all letters in English alphabets.

Set-Builder Form or Rule Form

Set-builder notation is a notation for describing a set by indicating the properties that its members must satisfy.

Reading notation :

A  =  { x : x is a letter in the word "dictionary" }

We read it as 

“A is the set of all x such that x is a letter in the word dictionary”

For example,

(i)  N  =  { x : x is a natural number }

(ii)  P  =  { x : x is a prime number less than 100 }

(iii)  A  =  { x : x is a letter in the English alphabet }

Roster Form or Tabular Form

Listing the elements of a set inside a pair of braces {  } is called the roster form.

For example,

(i)  Let A be the set of even natural numbers less than 11. 

In roster form we write A  =  { 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 }

(ii) A  =  {x : x is an integer and  -1 ≤ x < 5 }

In roster form we write A = [ -1, 0,1, 2, 3, 4 }

Representation of sets in Different Forms

Important points

(i)  In roster form each element of the set must be listed exactly once. By convention, the elements in a set should not be repeated.

(ii)  Let A be the set of letters in the word “coffee”,

That is,  A  =  { c, o, f, e }. So, in roster form of the set A the following are invalid.

{ c, o, e } -------> (not all elements are listed)

{ c, o, f, f, e } -------> (element ‘f’ is listed twice)

(iii)  In a roster form the elements in a set can be written in any order.

The following are valid roster form of the set containing the elements 2, 3 and 4.

{ 2, 3, 4 }

{ 2, 4, 3 }  

{4, 3, 2 }

Each of them represents the same set.

(iv)  If there are either infinitely many elements or a large finite number of elements, then three consecutive dots called ellipsis are used to indicate that the pattern of the listed elements continues, as in  { 5, 6, 7,...... }  or  { 3, 6, 9, 12, 15,........60 }.

(v) Ellipsis can be used only if enough information has been given so that one can figure out the entire pattern.

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