# CIRCLES CALCULATE AREA CIRCUMFERENCE RADIUS AND DIAMETER

Circles calculate area circumference radius and diameter :

Here we are going to see some example problems to understand how to calculate area and circumference of circle.

The radius is a line segment with one end point at the centre and the other end on the circle. It is denoted by ‘r’.

Diameter :

Diameter is a chord passing through the centre of the circle. It is denoted by ‘d’.

The diameter is the longest chord. It is twice the radius.(i.e. d = 2r )

Circumference of a circle:

Can we find the distance covered by an athlete if he takes two rounds on a circular track. Since it is a circular track, we cannot use the ruler to find out the distance.

The distance around a circle is called the circumference of the circle, which is denoted by ‘C’. i.e., The perimeter of a circle is known as its circumference.

Circumference of circle  =  π r

Area of circle :

The area of a circle is the number of square units inside that circle

Area of circle  =  π r²

Example 1 :

Find out the circumference of a circle whose diameter is 21 cm.

Solution :

Diameter  =  21 cm

Radius  =  21/2 = 10.5 cm

Circumference of circle  =  π r

=  2 (22/7) x 10.5

=  44 x 1.5

=  66 cm

Hence the circumference of circle is 66 cm.

Example 2 :

A wire of length 88 cm is bent as a circle. What is the radius of the circle.

Solution :

Length of the wire  =  circumference of the circle

π r  =  88 cm

2 x (22/7) x r  =  88

r  =  (88 x 7)/(2 x 22)

r  =  14 cm

Hence the radius of the circle is 14 cm

Example 3 :

The diameter of a bicycle wheel is 63 cm. How much distance will it cover in 20 revolutions?

Solution :

When a wheel makes one complete revolutions,

Distance covered in one rotation = Circumference of wheel

Circumference of the wheel = 2πr units

=  2 x (22/7) x (63/2) cm

=  22 x 9  =  198 cm

For one revolution, the distance covered = 198 cm

For 20 revolutions, the distance covered = 20 × 198 cm

=  3960 cm

=  39 m 60 cm [100 cm = 1 m]

Hence the distance covered in 20 revolution is 39 m 60 cm

Example 4 :

A scooter wheel makes 50 revolutions to cover a distance of 8800 cm. Find the radius of the wheel.

Solution :

Distance travelled

=  Number of revolutions/Circumference

2πr  =  8800/50

2πr  =  176

2 x (22/7) x r  =  176

r  =  176 x (7/22) x (1/2)

r  =  28 cm

Hence the radius of the wheel is 28 cm

Example 5 :

The radius of a cart wheel is 70 cm. How many revolution does it make in travelling a distance of 132 m.

Solution :

Given: r = 70 cm, Distance travelled = 132 m.

Circumference of a cart wheel = 2πr

= 2 x (22/7) x 70

= 440 cm

Distance travelled

= Number of revolutions x  Circumference

Number of revolutions

= Distance travelled/Circumference

=  132 m/440 cm

=  13200/440

=  30

Hence the number of revolution is 30.

After having gone through the stuff given above, we hope that the students would have understood "Circles calculate area circumference radius and diameter".

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